In an unusual but useful example of cellular flip-flop, a new research study demonstrates that multiple cell types have the ability to temporarily switch into renin-secreting cells when they are needed to stabilize blood pressure. The research, published in the May issue of Developmental Cell, demonstrates that the recruited cells are direct descendants of cells that expressed renin at one time during development.
Renin is a hormone released into the blood by specialized cells in the walls of kidney blood vessels. Renin is released in response to sodium depletion and/or low blood pressure in the blood vessels of the kidneys and it plays a major role in regulating blood pressure generally in the body. Adult mammals can increase circulating renin, when necessary, by increasing the number of renin-synthesizing cells. Dr. R. Ariel Gomez from the University of Virginia and colleagues examined whether the ability of adult cells to synthesize renin was dependent on the cells original lineage. The researchers generated mice with a genetic marker that allowed visualization of renin-expressing cells even after the cell had differentiated into a non-renin-secreting cell type. Experimental manipulations known to recruit renin-expressing cells demonstrated that adult cells that were descendants of renin cells retained the capability to make renin when more of the hormone was required to stabilize blood pressure.
The researchers conclude that specific subpopulations of apparently differentiated cells are "held in reserve" to repeatedly respond by de-differentiating and expressing renin in response to stress and then re-differentiating when the crisis has passed. According to Dr. Gomez, "The experiments confirm that recruitment of renin-expressing cells is determined by the developmental history of the cells, which retain the memory to re-express the renin gene under physiological stress. The mice we have generated should be extremely valuable to delete genes specifically in the renin-expressing cell and therefore determine the precise cellular function of those genes independently of systemic influences."
Heidi Hardman | EurekAlert!
Ion treatments for cardiac arrhythmia — Non-invasive alternative to catheter-based surgery
20.01.2017 | GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH
Seeking structure with metagenome sequences
20.01.2017 | DOE/Joint Genome Institute
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
19.01.2017 | Event News
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
20.01.2017 | Awards Funding
20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences
20.01.2017 | Life Sciences