Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

How inflammatory proteins can protect against cancer

13.06.2008
Our body has a better way of protecting itself against cancer than previously recognised. Inflammatory proteins help to prevent the progression of a benign tumour to a malignant one.

This is reported by Dr. Daniel Peeper and his colleagues from the Netherlands Cancer Institute - Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital (NKI-AVL) in the June 13 issue of the prominent scientific journal Cell.

The cells in our body are exposed to numerous factors that can inflict damage to the genetic material (DNA). Usually, these errors are repaired. Sometimes, however, a change is incorporated into the DNA. If such a mutation localises to a so-called oncogene, a cell can be stimulated to divide, and a benign tumour can arise. Previously, the research group of Dr. Peeper showed that this does not necessarily result in the generation of a malignant tumour. They discovered that benign tumours can activate a permanent growth arrest, such that they enter a hibernation-like state (Nature, Aug 4th 2005). This hibernation represents a natural barrier against cancer.

In the present follow-up study, Thomas Kuilman, a PhD student in Dr. Peeper’s research laboratory, delineated the mechanism behind this hibernation in benign tumours. He compared the activity of thousands of genes in dividing and dormant tumour cells and discovered a specific DNA fingerprint. Unexpectedly, this revealed that in non-dividing tumour cells, dozens of genes that normally play a role in inflammatory reactions of the body, are activated.

... more about:
»benign »inflammatory

In collaboration with Dr. Lucien Aarden (Sanquin), the researchers subsequently used advanced techniques to show that inflammatory proteins are essential to keep benign tumour cells in a non-proliferating state. Finally, together with Dr. Wolter Mooi (VUmc) the researchers showed that these inflammatory proteins are likely to play an important role in the natural defence against colon cancer.

Frederique Melman | alfa
Further information:
http://www.nki.nl

Further reports about: benign inflammatory

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Study shines light on brain cells that coordinate movement
26.06.2017 | University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

nachricht New insight into a central biological dogma on ion transport
26.06.2017 | Aarhus University

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Can we see monkeys from space? Emerging technologies to map biodiversity

An international team of scientists has proposed a new multi-disciplinary approach in which an array of new technologies will allow us to map biodiversity and the risks that wildlife is facing at the scale of whole landscapes. The findings are published in Nature Ecology and Evolution. This international research is led by the Kunming Institute of Zoology from China, University of East Anglia, University of Leicester and the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research.

Using a combination of satellite and ground data, the team proposes that it is now possible to map biodiversity with an accuracy that has not been previously...

Im Focus: Climate satellite: Tracking methane with robust laser technology

Heatwaves in the Arctic, longer periods of vegetation in Europe, severe floods in West Africa – starting in 2021, scientists want to explore the emissions of the greenhouse gas methane with the German-French satellite MERLIN. This is made possible by a new robust laser system of the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT in Aachen, which achieves unprecedented measurement accuracy.

Methane is primarily the result of the decomposition of organic matter. The gas has a 25 times greater warming potential than carbon dioxide, but is not as...

Im Focus: How protons move through a fuel cell

Hydrogen is regarded as the energy source of the future: It is produced with solar power and can be used to generate heat and electricity in fuel cells. Empa researchers have now succeeded in decoding the movement of hydrogen ions in crystals – a key step towards more efficient energy conversion in the hydrogen industry of tomorrow.

As charge carriers, electrons and ions play the leading role in electrochemical energy storage devices and converters such as batteries and fuel cells. Proton...

Im Focus: A unique data centre for cosmological simulations

Scientists from the Excellence Cluster Universe at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich have establised "Cosmowebportal", a unique data centre for cosmological simulations located at the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. The complete results of a series of large hydrodynamical cosmological simulations are available, with data volumes typically exceeding several hundred terabytes. Scientists worldwide can interactively explore these complex simulations via a web interface and directly access the results.

With current telescopes, scientists can observe our Universe’s galaxies and galaxy clusters and their distribution along an invisible cosmic web. From the...

Im Focus: Scientists develop molecular thermometer for contactless measurement using infrared light

Temperature measurements possible even on the smallest scale / Molecular ruby for use in material sciences, biology, and medicine

Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in cooperation with researchers of the German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Plants are networkers

19.06.2017 | Event News

Digital Survival Training for Executives

13.06.2017 | Event News

Global Learning Council Summit 2017

13.06.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Study shines light on brain cells that coordinate movement

26.06.2017 | Life Sciences

Smooth propagation of spin waves using gold

26.06.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Switchable DNA mini-machines store information

26.06.2017 | Information Technology

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>