Until now it is strongly believed that the immune system controls growth of tumors by killing tumor cells. The Tubingen researchers, members of the Comprehensive Cancer Center, now show that immune responses can prevent tumor growth without killing tumor cells.
They used a model of endogenously growing tumors that develop, like many human tumors, because of a defect in normal cell death. The researchers show that the immune system can prevent tumor growth without destroying tumor cells. They show that early treatment of developing tumors arrests tumor development at very early stages through a strictly cytokine mediated mechanism. One of the important players that prevents the outgrowth of malignant tumors is interferon.
The researchers show further a second important aspect: Immune responses can both - either induce tumor dormancy or, unexpectedly, tumor growth. In the absence of either interferon or tumor necrosis factor the immune response converts the from a protective into a tumor promoting immune response.
In conclusion, the paper gives a great hope and new aspects for the development of new tumor vaccines. They show that tumor immune responses can induce tumor dormancy, which means that the immune response arrests tumors at early stages. Yet, these immune responses have to occur early in tumor development and have to provide the correct pattern of cytokines. In the case of an inappropriate cytokine pattern, i.e. missing interferon or missing tumor necrosis factor, the same response may dramatically enhance tumor growth.Prof. Dr. Martin Röcken, MD
Dr. Ellen Katz | idw
The balancing act: An enzyme that links endocytosis to membrane recycling
07.12.2016 | National Centre for Biological Sciences
Transforming plant cells from generalists to specialists
07.12.2016 | Duke University
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
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07.12.2016 | Health and Medicine
07.12.2016 | Life Sciences
07.12.2016 | Health and Medicine