Greater market forces might, however, overshadow the environmental interests and citizens’ wishes, leading to less sustainable water management methods. Sander Boot warns of this in his thesis entitled Economic Policy Instruments and Evaluation methods in Dutch Water Management. An analysis of their contribution to an integrated approach. He will take his PhD at Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands, on Thursday, 29 November 2007.
Dutch water management is seeing an increase in the collaboration between public water administrators, such as the Government, provinces and water boards and market parties such as project developers and land owners. This offers opportunities to combine the themes of housing and water, as has been done in IJburg and the “Blauwe Stad”. Collaboration with land owners, such as farmers and nature administrators, is also vital in order to create water storage facilities in the countryside. The cooperation is aimed at arriving at efficient financing of water management.
This new form of collaboration will effect a fundamental change in the role of the public water administrator, according to Boot and it is a question of searching for ways of managing the social interest in such a way that integrated water management can also be implemented in the new situation. In his thesis, Boot defines integrated water management as “sustainable” water management, in which a balance is sought between the ecological, the economic and the social dimensions of sustainability.
In the integration between water and the environment, which received much attention towards the end of the previous century in particular, the main emphasis is on the ecological dimension of sustainability. From an economic perspective, this is often realised through the use of instruments such as ecotax and pollution tax. However, there is little support for this type of instrument among the target groups, specifically due to a slanted emphasis on the ecological dimension.
The new region-oriented spatial projects, in which the authorities collaborate with market parties, offer greater opportunities for a healthy balance between the ecological, economic and social dimensions of sustainability than the economic tools that are deployed for the integration between water and the environment. However, there is a danger of these arrangements neglecting the ecological dimension due to a disproportionate influence by the market parties.
Boot provides insights into the causes of this risk and offers suggestions for overcoming it. One of the options is to make use of the opportunities that a zoning plan amendment offers for making higher demands on the water quality or storage capacity. Boot also proffers observations on the way in which the public water interest can be anchored in public-private contracts.
Yvette Nelen | alfa
Upcycling 'fast fashion' to reduce waste and pollution
03.04.2017 | American Chemical Society
Litter is present throughout the world’s oceans: 1,220 species affected
27.03.2017 | Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
20.04.2017 | Event News
18.04.2017 | Event News
03.04.2017 | Event News
25.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
25.04.2017 | Materials Sciences
25.04.2017 | Life Sciences