Greater market forces might, however, overshadow the environmental interests and citizens’ wishes, leading to less sustainable water management methods. Sander Boot warns of this in his thesis entitled Economic Policy Instruments and Evaluation methods in Dutch Water Management. An analysis of their contribution to an integrated approach. He will take his PhD at Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands, on Thursday, 29 November 2007.
Dutch water management is seeing an increase in the collaboration between public water administrators, such as the Government, provinces and water boards and market parties such as project developers and land owners. This offers opportunities to combine the themes of housing and water, as has been done in IJburg and the “Blauwe Stad”. Collaboration with land owners, such as farmers and nature administrators, is also vital in order to create water storage facilities in the countryside. The cooperation is aimed at arriving at efficient financing of water management.
This new form of collaboration will effect a fundamental change in the role of the public water administrator, according to Boot and it is a question of searching for ways of managing the social interest in such a way that integrated water management can also be implemented in the new situation. In his thesis, Boot defines integrated water management as “sustainable” water management, in which a balance is sought between the ecological, the economic and the social dimensions of sustainability.
In the integration between water and the environment, which received much attention towards the end of the previous century in particular, the main emphasis is on the ecological dimension of sustainability. From an economic perspective, this is often realised through the use of instruments such as ecotax and pollution tax. However, there is little support for this type of instrument among the target groups, specifically due to a slanted emphasis on the ecological dimension.
The new region-oriented spatial projects, in which the authorities collaborate with market parties, offer greater opportunities for a healthy balance between the ecological, economic and social dimensions of sustainability than the economic tools that are deployed for the integration between water and the environment. However, there is a danger of these arrangements neglecting the ecological dimension due to a disproportionate influence by the market parties.
Boot provides insights into the causes of this risk and offers suggestions for overcoming it. One of the options is to make use of the opportunities that a zoning plan amendment offers for making higher demands on the water quality or storage capacity. Boot also proffers observations on the way in which the public water interest can be anchored in public-private contracts.
Yvette Nelen | alfa
Safeguarding sustainability through forest certification mapping
27.06.2017 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Dune ecosystem modelling
26.06.2017 | Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau
Strong light-matter coupling in these semiconducting tubes may hold the key to electrically pumped lasers
Light-matter quasi-particles can be generated electrically in semiconducting carbon nanotubes. Material scientists and physicists from Heidelberg University...
Fraunhofer IPA has developed a proximity sensor made from silicone and carbon nanotubes (CNT) which detects objects and determines their position. The materials and printing process used mean that the sensor is extremely flexible, economical and can be used for large surfaces. Industry and research partners can use and further develop this innovation straight away.
At first glance, the proximity sensor appears to be nothing special: a thin, elastic layer of silicone onto which black square surfaces are printed, but these...
3-D shape acquisition using water displacement as the shape sensor for the reconstruction of complex objects
A global team of computer scientists and engineers have developed an innovative technique that more completely reconstructs challenging 3D objects. An ancient...
Physicists have developed a new technique that uses electrical voltages to control the electron spin on a chip. The newly-developed method provides protection from spin decay, meaning that the contained information can be maintained and transmitted over comparatively large distances, as has been demonstrated by a team from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics and the Swiss Nanoscience Institute. The results have been published in Physical Review X.
For several years, researchers have been trying to use the spin of an electron to store and transmit information. The spin of each electron is always coupled...
What is the mass of a proton? Scientists from Germany and Japan successfully did an important step towards the most exact knowledge of this fundamental constant. By means of precision measurements on a single proton, they could improve the precision by a factor of three and also correct the existing value.
To determine the mass of a single proton still more accurate – a group of physicists led by Klaus Blaum and Sven Sturm of the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear...
21.07.2017 | Event News
19.07.2017 | Event News
12.07.2017 | Event News
25.07.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
25.07.2017 | Earth Sciences
25.07.2017 | Life Sciences