Greater market forces might, however, overshadow the environmental interests and citizens’ wishes, leading to less sustainable water management methods. Sander Boot warns of this in his thesis entitled Economic Policy Instruments and Evaluation methods in Dutch Water Management. An analysis of their contribution to an integrated approach. He will take his PhD at Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands, on Thursday, 29 November 2007.
Dutch water management is seeing an increase in the collaboration between public water administrators, such as the Government, provinces and water boards and market parties such as project developers and land owners. This offers opportunities to combine the themes of housing and water, as has been done in IJburg and the “Blauwe Stad”. Collaboration with land owners, such as farmers and nature administrators, is also vital in order to create water storage facilities in the countryside. The cooperation is aimed at arriving at efficient financing of water management.
This new form of collaboration will effect a fundamental change in the role of the public water administrator, according to Boot and it is a question of searching for ways of managing the social interest in such a way that integrated water management can also be implemented in the new situation. In his thesis, Boot defines integrated water management as “sustainable” water management, in which a balance is sought between the ecological, the economic and the social dimensions of sustainability.
In the integration between water and the environment, which received much attention towards the end of the previous century in particular, the main emphasis is on the ecological dimension of sustainability. From an economic perspective, this is often realised through the use of instruments such as ecotax and pollution tax. However, there is little support for this type of instrument among the target groups, specifically due to a slanted emphasis on the ecological dimension.
The new region-oriented spatial projects, in which the authorities collaborate with market parties, offer greater opportunities for a healthy balance between the ecological, economic and social dimensions of sustainability than the economic tools that are deployed for the integration between water and the environment. However, there is a danger of these arrangements neglecting the ecological dimension due to a disproportionate influence by the market parties.
Boot provides insights into the causes of this risk and offers suggestions for overcoming it. One of the options is to make use of the opportunities that a zoning plan amendment offers for making higher demands on the water quality or storage capacity. Boot also proffers observations on the way in which the public water interest can be anchored in public-private contracts.
Yvette Nelen | alfa
International network connects experimental research in European waters
21.03.2017 | Leibniz-Institut für Gewässerökologie und Binnenfischerei (IGB)
World Water Day 2017: It doesn’t Always Have to Be Drinking Water – Using Wastewater as a Resource
17.03.2017 | ISOE - Institut für sozial-ökologische Forschung
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the first time. As reported in the academic journal Small, the results are offering better insight into the development of nanoreactors and artificial organelles.
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to...
20.03.2017 | Event News
14.03.2017 | Event News
07.03.2017 | Event News
24.03.2017 | Materials Sciences
24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy