Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Delaware River and Bay Contaminants Strain Waterfowl Reproduction

17.02.2005


Making the Nature Conservancy’s list of Last Great Places doesn’t guarantee a safe habitat. The osprey, a fish-feeding bird, nests along the Delaware River and Bay and continues to face contaminated living conditions. Although stable, osprey reproduction is stressed, according to an article published in the latest issue of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry.



Ospreys and other wildlife share the Delaware River and Bay area with factories, manufacturers and water traffic using the Bay’s ports. The osprey population suffered substantial losses beginning in the 1950s with the widespread use of organochlorine pesticides. Contamination continued into the late 1980s when a study reported eggshell thinning and reproduction impairment mostly caused by p,p?-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,p?-DDE). Using the same study sites, 1998 samples showed that contamination dropped off to levels where eggshell thickness was similar to the pre-DDT era.

In this study, researchers conducted the first large-scale ecotoxicological evaluation of ospreys nesting along the Delaware River, Bay and coast. Based on samples taken in 2002, they concluded that contaminant concentrations were predictive of hatching success. These contaminants included DDT, dieldrin, chlordane, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dioxins to name a few.


Researchers also found that degradation of the River and Bay declined in a north-to-south gradient. In the research area’s northern segment, including Trenton, N. J., and Philadelphia, osprey eggs showed greater concentrations of organochlorine pesticides and/or metabolites as well as PCBs. Osprey reproduction in the north was marginal to maintain the population, researchers said. Farther down in the southern and central segments, reproduction was comparable to levels from 1994 to 1998.

Overall osprey population has not returned to its pre-1950s numbers, and the waterfowl is no longer considered a common breeder in the Delaware Bay area. The article’s research team emphasizes further study of nesting activity, breeding success, and contaminant exposure to evaluate human impact on urban wildlife. The osprey, the researchers said, serves as an excellent sentinel species and bioindicator of improving conditions in the coastal ecosystem.

| newswise
Further information:
http://www.allenpress.com/pdf/entc_24_315_617_629.pdf
http://www.setac.org

More articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation:

nachricht How does the loss of species alter ecosystems?
18.05.2017 | Deutsches Zentrum für integrative Biodiversitätsforschung (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig

nachricht Excess diesel emissions bring global health & environmental impacts
16.05.2017 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

All articles from Ecology, The Environment and Conservation >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Can the immune system be boosted against Staphylococcus aureus by delivery of messenger RNA?

Staphylococcus aureus is a feared pathogen (MRSA, multi-resistant S. aureus) due to frequent resistances against many antibiotics, especially in hospital infections. Researchers at the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut have identified immunological processes that prevent a successful immune response directed against the pathogenic agent. The delivery of bacterial proteins with RNA adjuvant or messenger RNA (mRNA) into immune cells allows the re-direction of the immune response towards an active defense against S. aureus. This could be of significant importance for the development of an effective vaccine. PLOS Pathogens has published these research results online on 25 May 2017.

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a bacterium that colonizes by far more than half of the skin and the mucosa of adults, usually without causing infections....

Im Focus: A quantum walk of photons

Physicists from the University of Würzburg are capable of generating identical looking single light particles at the push of a button. Two new studies now demonstrate the potential this method holds.

The quantum computer has fuelled the imagination of scientists for decades: It is based on fundamentally different phenomena than a conventional computer....

Im Focus: Turmoil in sluggish electrons’ existence

An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.

We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...

Im Focus: Wafer-thin Magnetic Materials Developed for Future Quantum Technologies

Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.

Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...

Im Focus: World's thinnest hologram paves path to new 3-D world

Nano-hologram paves way for integration of 3-D holography into everyday electronics

An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Marine Conservation: IASS Contributes to UN Ocean Conference in New York on 5-9 June

24.05.2017 | Event News

AWK Aachen Machine Tool Colloquium 2017: Internet of Production for Agile Enterprises

23.05.2017 | Event News

Dortmund MST Conference presents Individualized Healthcare Solutions with micro and nanotechnology

22.05.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

How herpesviruses win the footrace against the immune system

26.05.2017 | Life Sciences

Water forms 'spine of hydration' around DNA, group finds

26.05.2017 | Life Sciences

First Juno science results supported by University of Leicester's Jupiter 'forecast'

26.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>