Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


21.0% record efficiency for large area (156 × 156 mm2) n-type EWT solar cell

The Institute for Solar Energy Research (ISFH) and Q-Cells SE, one of the world’s leading photovoltaic companies, present an n-type emitter-wrap-through (EWT) solar cell with a record efficiency of 21.0% on a large area wafer format of (156 × 156) mm2. The cell concept is developed in the research project “ALBA II”, which is funded by the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU).

At the 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, which took place in Seattle in June 2011, ISFH and Q-Cells already presented small n-type EWT solar cells with an efficiency of 21.6% and an area of (20 × 20) mm2. The cell process is based on monocrystalline Czochralski n-type silicon.

The novel n-type EWT solar cell with 21% efficiency. Foto: ISFH

The high efficiency EWT solar cell.
Foto: ISFH

The boron-doped emitter is defined with laser structuring and is passivated optimally with an aluminumoxide-siliconnitride double layer. ISFH has now scaled up the solar cell production processes to large wafer formats. A novel back contact design with four busbars has been developed, which reduces the finger length to about 50 mm and makes it possible to realize on this large cell area a metalization with a solar cell resitivity contribution less than 0.5 Ohm·cm2.

The project team at ISFH with project manager Till Brendemühl and the R&D team at Q-Cells SE are particularly pleased with the performance of the best (156 × 156) mm2 area solar cell, which has an efficiency of 21.0%, a Jsc of 40.5 mA/cm2, a Voc of 667 mV, and a fill factor of 77.7%.

The solar cells have been measured with a class A sun simulator in the characterization lab at Q-Cells SE, using a measuring chuck developed at ISFH. The measurement has been corrected considering the spectral mismatch.

“This cell type still has the potential for further improvements. We are confident to reach even higher efficiencies” says physicist Fabian Kiefer, who is developing back-contacted solar cells as part of his PhD thesis.

“Our goal is to simplify the production process significantly, while keeping the efficiencies above 21.0% on large cell area” says Prof. Dr. Nils-Peter Harder, head of the group.

Dr. Roland Goslich | idw
Further information:

More articles from Power and Electrical Engineering:

nachricht 'Super yeast' has the power to improve economics of biofuels
18.10.2016 | University of Wisconsin-Madison

nachricht Engineers reveal fabrication process for revolutionary transparent sensors
14.10.2016 | University of Wisconsin-Madison

All articles from Power and Electrical Engineering >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

Im Focus: New Products - Highlights of COMPAMED 2016

COMPAMED has become the leading international marketplace for suppliers of medical manufacturing. The trade fair, which takes place every November and is co-located to MEDICA in Dusseldorf, has been steadily growing over the past years and shows that medical technology remains a rapidly growing market.

In 2016, the joint pavilion by the IVAM Microtechnology Network, the Product Market “High-tech for Medical Devices”, will be located in Hall 8a again and will...

Im Focus: Ultra-thin ferroelectric material for next-generation electronics

'Ferroelectric' materials can switch between different states of electrical polarization in response to an external electric field. This flexibility means they show promise for many applications, for example in electronic devices and computer memory. Current ferroelectric materials are highly valued for their thermal and chemical stability and rapid electro-mechanical responses, but creating a material that is scalable down to the tiny sizes needed for technologies like silicon-based semiconductors (Si-based CMOS) has proven challenging.

Now, Hiroshi Funakubo and co-workers at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, in collaboration with researchers across Japan, have conducted experiments to...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

Resolving the mystery of preeclampsia

21.10.2016 | Health and Medicine

Stanford researchers create new special-purpose computer that may someday save us billions

21.10.2016 | Information Technology

From ancient fossils to future cars

21.10.2016 | Materials Sciences

More VideoLinks >>>