Prof. Rosenblum received this grant along with Prof. Noam Ziv of the Faculty of Medicine at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology and Dr. Michael Kreutz, Dr. Daniela C. Dieterich and Prof. Eckart Gundelfinger of Magdeburg University in Germany.
As of today, brain and memory researchers know that the expression of proteins in the synapses (the connectors between nerves) creates structures that are stable on the one hand – enabling us to form long-term memory – and plastic on the other - enabling us to continuously absorb new information and create new memories. However, the researchers are only beginning to reveal how this two-sided structure actually works. The new research will attempt to reveal additional knowledge in this area, using imaging technology and advanced biochemical and molecular processes that enable the researchers to follow the synapses and their protein components with measurable means.
"This research is of dual significance: on the one hand, we will be able to gain a better understanding of how and why emotive memory can become so deeply engraved, such as in cases of psychiatric disturbance related to post traumatic syndrome. On the other hand, we will also be able to better observe how and why the ability to create and preserve new memories can be lost, such as in neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease," explains Prof. Rosenblum.
"This is the second year that brain researchers from the University of Haifa have been awarded this prestigious research grant, placing the University of Haifa in the forefront of scientific research in the field of brain research," said Prof. Majed Al-Haj, Vice President and Dean of Research upon congratulating Prof. Rosenblum.
Amir Gilat | Newswise Science News
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A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. This has made it possible to observe the interaction of multiple photons in a single such pulse with electrons in the inner orbital shell of an atom.
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A group of researchers led by Andrea Cavalleri at the Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) in Hamburg has demonstrated a new method enabling precise measurements of the interatomic forces that hold crystalline solids together. The paper Probing the Interatomic Potential of Solids by Strong-Field Nonlinear Phononics, published online in Nature, explains how a terahertz-frequency laser pulse can drive very large deformations of the crystal.
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For the first time, a team of researchers at the Max-Planck Institute (MPI) for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, has succeeded in making an integrated circuit (IC) from just a monolayer of a semiconducting polymer via a bottom-up, self-assembly approach.
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Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...
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