Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Medreonet, a European project on bluetongue and African horse sickness

Three animal diseases transmitted by Culicoides (small biting midges) are under study by Medreonet.

They are:

- bluetongue, which mainly affects sheep but has also been seen in cattle since last summer; it is currently affecting Europe, and the whole of the intertropical zone, from the United States to Australia and South Africa;

- African horse sickness, which affects horses, currently in Subsaharan Africa; it is now threatening southern Europe;

- epizootic haemorrhagic disease (EHD), which affects deer but can infect cattle, currently in the United States and South Africa; it has just reached Israel and the Maghreb.

As Guillaume Gerbier, a researcher with the CIRAD Epidemiology and Ecology of Animal Diseases Internal Research Unit and coordinator of the project, points out: "One of these diseases has already hit Europe and the other two are a risk for Europe. We are therefore keen to pool the experiences of research teams in the 17 participating countries and harmonize the control methods used against these diseases". To this end, regular meetings are due to be organized, the first of which has just been held in Montpellier.

Surveillance protocols

Several research topics are already under study by the 21 partner organizations in the project (in Europe, around the Mediterranean and in South Africa, the country that discovered bluetongue at the start of the 1900s).

Surveillance of disease circulation (serological and virological analyses) is a priority. This is followed by surveillance of the vector insects (trapping and identification, since not all the vectors are known, although researchers say there are "suspect" European species). The next step will be to analyse the genome of the virus, sequence it and build groups of virus families so as to determine their origin. In fact, there are 24 bluetongue virus serotypes, and the disease serves as a model in studies of emerging diseases. "Infection by one serotype does not protect against the other 23," says Guillaume Gerbier, "and to date, we have only recorded eight serotypes around the Mediterranean since the bluetongue epidemic of 1999".

CIRAD and its French partners* are currently working closely to monitor the emergence of new serotypes around the Mediterranean and draw up bluetongue surveillance protocols. Researchers are concerned that the disease may recur in the spring. The aim in the medium term is also to set up a joint observatory.

** AFSSA (Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des aliments), Louis Pasteur University in Strasbourg and EID (Entente interdépartementale de démoustication).

Helen Burford | alfa
Further information:

More articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science:

nachricht Forest Management Yields Higher Productivity through Biodiversity
14.10.2016 | Technische Universität München

nachricht Farming with forests
23.09.2016 | University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences (ACES)

All articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Light-driven atomic rotations excite magnetic waves

Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion

Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

Im Focus: New Products - Highlights of COMPAMED 2016

COMPAMED has become the leading international marketplace for suppliers of medical manufacturing. The trade fair, which takes place every November and is co-located to MEDICA in Dusseldorf, has been steadily growing over the past years and shows that medical technology remains a rapidly growing market.

In 2016, the joint pavilion by the IVAM Microtechnology Network, the Product Market “High-tech for Medical Devices”, will be located in Hall 8a again and will...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

First-time reconstruction of infectious bat influenza viruses

25.10.2016 | Life Sciences

Novel method to benchmark and improve the performance of protein measumeasurement techniques

25.10.2016 | Life Sciences

Amazon rain helps make more rain

25.10.2016 | Life Sciences

More VideoLinks >>>