In a world first CSIRO Plant Industry has discovered a gene that is the Achilles heel of rust, a common disease of plants, which could save millions in breeding rust resistant plants and avert losses in food production.
"You can breed rust resistant plants, but this resistance only works when the rust fungus contains the gene we found - the avirulence gene," says Dr Peter Dodds, CSIRO Plant Industry.
Without existing rust resistant wheat varieties Australias wheat industry could be behind $300 million a year in lost production. Rusts are also well known to home gardeners where they cause damage to fruit trees.
Sophie Clayton | CSIRO
http://www.pi.csiro.au/enewsletter/main.htm or www.csiro.au/avirulence
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Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.
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Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
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A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
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