Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Reform of the 2003 Common Agricultural Policy : the consequences for agriculture in Provence

06.11.2008
In Provence, Cemagref researchers have analyzed the strategies large-scale farmers are using to adapt to the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform signed in 2003. Although the study has made it possible to target the direct effect the CAP has had on cropping, other internal and external factors on the farm condition farmers’ choices.

In 2003, the PAC reform set up a new system for allocating subsidies provided to farmers. The measures adopted are based on the respect of environmental regulations, the payment of a direct subsidy based on the area of land not in production, as well as the reinforcement of subsidies for rural development.

Implementation of this reform, beginning in 2005, raised a number of questions on the possible direction agriculture would take and the future of the farming profession: changes in cropping, the amount of uncultivated land, consequences on landscapes, and the market supply in grains, oil-producing crops, and protein crops.

- Freeze-frame on Provence...

It is within this context in 2006 and 2007 that Cemagref scientists conducted a study designed to identify the strategies adopted by large-scale farmers in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur (PACA) region. This study, financed by the PACA Regional Council, was based on surveys taken among large-scale farmers in three contrasted agricultural zones: a dry agricultural zone and an irrigated agricultural zone situated in the Alpes de Haute-Provence department, and a periurban agricultural zone near the city of Aix-en-Provence, in the Bouches-du-Rhône department. Interviews were conducted on a representative sample of farmers, roughly 30 per zone. In addition to describing the existing farm systems, the questionnaires aimed to clarify the strategies farmers were implementing in five domains: the choice of crops, crop management strategies, land management strategies, the diversification of activities, and the development of practices and products.

- The effects of the CAP need to be put into perspective

One direct effect of this reform concerns cropping, although these choices have a more nuanced effect on farmers’ other strategies. Thus, in 2006, the acreage devoted to durum wheat clearly decreased in the three zones, with other diversification crops (hybrid lavender, feed crops, seed crops, barley, sunflower, and rape seed, for example). In 2007, however, the CAP effect was counterbalanced by the sharp increase in grain prices that curbed the decrease in land area planted in durum wheat by renewing the interest in this crop. Assisting farmers in becoming reactive to market signals was indeed one of the objectives of the 2003 reform. The study shows that nonproduction remains a very marginal land use practice.

The effects of the CAP need to be put into perspective in relation to all the internal and external factors affecting the farm. These include the socioeconomic context (tension on the world grain market, price of irrigation water, etc.), the climate in Provence marked by repeated droughts since 2003, the characteristics of production tools (soils, available labor, etc.), as well as the factors directly related to the farming family (technical skills, preferences, and personal projects). Given today’s high grain prices, the CAP reform does not fundamentally change the shape of agriculture in Provence. However, the CAP is not rigid: changes are being negotiated to respond to the mutations in the world context.

[The CAP, a few landmarks
In 1957, the Common Agricultural Policy was born. In addition to increasing agricultural productivity in Europe, it was designed to ensure an equitable standard of living for farmers and reasonable prices for consumers. Until 1992, agricultural prices were guaranteed to producers. In 1992, European prices were aligned on world prices. To compensate the decrease in farming incomes, subsidies were allocated in relation to the crops produced. In 2003, to bring the producer closer to the international market, a system of subsidies based on the area of land cultivated, independent of production, was initiated: the Single Farm Payment (SFP). Since the payment of subsidies is dissociated from the production act and crop volume, it is up to the farmer to define the most advantageous farming strategy.]
For more information:
The complete report, “Study of agricultural dynamics resulting from the potential impacts of the CAP reform on large-scale farms in the PACA region,” is online on the Cemagref website: http://www.cemagref.fr/Informations/Presse/index.htm

Marie Signoret | alfa
Further information:
http://www.cemagref.fr
http://www.cemagref.fr/Informations/Presse/index.htm
http://www.cemagref.fr/Informations/Presse/InfMediaEV/infomedia86EV/im86_rech2_EV.htm

More articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science:

nachricht Plasma-zapping process could yield trans fat-free soybean oil product
02.12.2016 | Purdue University

nachricht New findings about the deformed wing virus, a major factor in honey bee colony mortality
11.11.2016 | Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien

All articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Electron highway inside crystal

Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.

Topological insulators are currently the hot topic in physics according to the newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Only a few weeks ago, their importance was...

Im Focus: Significantly more productivity in USP lasers

In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.

Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...

Im Focus: Shape matters when light meets atom

Mapping the interaction of a single atom with a single photon may inform design of quantum devices

Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...

Im Focus: Novel silicon etching technique crafts 3-D gradient refractive index micro-optics

A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.

Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...

Im Focus: Quantum Particles Form Droplets

In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.

“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ICTM Conference 2017: Production technology for turbomachine manufacturing of the future

16.11.2016 | Event News

Innovation Day Laser Technology – Laser Additive Manufacturing

01.11.2016 | Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

 
Latest News

Researchers identify potentially druggable mutant p53 proteins that promote cancer growth

09.12.2016 | Life Sciences

Scientists produce a new roadmap for guiding development & conservation in the Amazon

09.12.2016 | Ecology, The Environment and Conservation

Satellites, airport visibility readings shed light on troops' exposure to air pollution

09.12.2016 | Health and Medicine

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>