National Institute of Materials Science (NIMS) announced on May 6, 2011 that a chemical wiring method is developed for interconnection of each organic molecule by electrically conductive polymers.
Details are published in Journal of the American Chemical Society, Article ASAP* by Researcher Yuji Okawa and his colleagues of NIMS International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA) with coauthors from organizations in Switzerland, Germany and United States.
Concerns of viable physical limitation of silicon based electronics have made single-molecule electronics to be a promising candidate for the future information systems. A challenge for its realization is connecting functional molecules to each other using conductive nanowires.
Researchers devised a method to create conductive nanowires at designated positions, and to ensure chemical bonding between the nanowires and functional molecules as follows. Functional molecules (phthalocyanine) are placed on a self-assembled monolayer of diacetylene compound. A probe tip of scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is positioned on the molecular row of the compound and stimulate the compound to form a conductive polydiacetylene nanowire by chain polymerization. Because of the high reactivity of the front edge of chain polymerization, the created polymer nanowire forms chemical bonding with an encountered molecular element, which will be named "chemical soldering".
First-principles theoretical calculations are used to investigate the structures and electronic properties of the connection. STM images demonstrated two conductive polymer nanowires connected to a single phthalocyanine molecule. A resonant tunneling diode is formed by this method as an example of single-molecule electronic devices.
*Yuji Okawa, Swapan K. Mandal, Chunping Hu, Yoshitaka Tateyama, Stefan Goedecker, Shigeru Tsukamoto, Tsuyoshi Hasegawa, James K. Gimzewski, and Masakazu Aono, "Chemical Wiring and Soldering toward All-Molecule Electronic Circuitry", Journal of the American Chemical Society, Articles ASAP. Publication Date (Web): May 6, 2011 (Article) DOI: 10.1021/ja111673x
Simple processing technique could cut cost of organic PV and wearable electronics
06.12.2016 | Georgia Institute of Technology
InLight study: insights into chemical processes using light
05.12.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Lasertechnik ILT
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
06.12.2016 | Materials Sciences
06.12.2016 | Medical Engineering
06.12.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering