Spondyloarthropathies are rheumatic infectious diseases affecting the spinal column and peripheral joints and tendons. These diseases either occur as such (Bechterew`s disease or ankylosing spondylitis), or are combined with skin psoriasis, inflammatory intestinal diseases (Crohn`s disease and ulcerating colitis), and eye infection (uveitis).
These diseases effect about 1% of total world population and often develop into seriously debilitating conditions with complete stiffening of the spinal column and destruction of the peripheral joints (hips, knees, wrists and/or fingers). Thus far, treatment of these diseases has been limited to the administration of non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs, which may have a benevolent effect on the subjective complaints of pain, but does not effect the evolution of the disease.
Tumor Necrosis Factor is a small molecule (a cytokine) which is released by the disposal cells (macrophages) of the immune systems at sites where the inflammation occurs and which, in case of spondyloarthropathy, induces changes in the bone, joints and tendons.
Eric VEYS | alphagalileo
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