Professor Justin Konje, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the University of Leicester, will discuss the fetal origins of adult diseases in his inaugural lecture on Tuesday 27th June at 5.30pm, Ken Edwards Lecture Theatre 1, University of Leicester.
He said: "One quarter of adults in the UK suffer from new heart attacks every year, a third of the population have high blood pressure and over 2.6M people living in the UK have had a disease of the circulatory system. In addition, another 1.9M adults in the UK suffer from diabetes mellitus. Last year, approximately 2285 patients went on the list for kidney transplant. These and many other long-term illnesses are thought to be linked to intrauterine life. While there is enough evidence from the UK and different parts of the world to support this hypothesis of intrauterine origins of adult diseases, several questions remain unanswered about the precise mechanisms by which these occur and how some babies (the small ones) are prone to these diseases.
"This inaugural lecture will focus on the research which has been undertaken at the University of Leicester to unravel some of the complexities of this hypothesis, including major findings on the changes which occur in the fetuses (babies in the womb) such as the “Sausage-shaped” kidneys, altered blood distribution (prior to fetal death) that may explain the mechanisms by which these babies are at an increased risk."
Additionally, work which has been undertaken to improve a better understanding of fetal growth, how it is identified and monitored especially the first ever use of 3-D ultrasound scan to assess placental function and blood flow will be presented. The role of factors such as xenobiotics, which control fetal growth, will also be discussed.
Professor Konje, who is based at the Leicester Royal Infirmary, added: "I will share my views on the future of research in this health priority area and the direction in which my research in this area within the University of Leicester may lead to.
"Research into the fetal origins of adult diseases, should help provide potential options on how to minimise fetal growth restriction, precise and early identification, the long-term implications of the different types and more importantly how to devise strategies to reduce the incidence of adult diseases which put together are the most commonly reported causes of long-term ill health."
Alex Jelley | alfa
Unique brain 'fingerprint' can predict drug effectiveness
11.07.2018 | McGill University
Direct conversion of non-neuronal cells into nerve cells
03.07.2018 | Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.
To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...
Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.
Free-electron lasers (FELs) generate extremely short and intense X-ray flashes. Researchers can use these flashes to resolve structures with diameters on the...
13.07.2018 | Event News
12.07.2018 | Event News
03.07.2018 | Event News
17.07.2018 | Information Technology
17.07.2018 | Materials Sciences
17.07.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering