The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the most common endocrine disorder among reproductive-age women, produces a wide variety of body changes with both physical and emotional implications for sufferers.
Many women with PCOS are found to have insulin resistance, a condition that allows excessive levels of insulin to circulate in the blood and increases the risk for Type 2 diabetes, hypertension and heart disease. PCOS is also the leading cause of androgen excess in women. Although these "male" hormones normally exist in all women in small amounts, excessive levels of androgens often lead to the development of such symptoms as acne, weight gain, the growth of unwanted hair in male-type patterns, and menstrual irregularities. PCOS is one of the leading causes of infertility in women.
Because generic questionnaires designed to measure patients health-related quality of life are unlikely to capture the full impact of the condition or detect small but meaningful improvements in therapy, researchers at McMaster University in Ontario and the University of Alabama, Birmingham (UAB) have developed a PCOS-specific questionnaire. It is the first health-status instrument to measure disease-related dysfunction in PCOS sufferers for use in clinical trials and other research.
Sandra Van | EurekAlert!
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For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
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Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
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Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
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