Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Researchers launch innovative air pollution forecasting software

28.06.2005


Researchers at the University of Essex will launch a software package this week designed to predict the exposure to pollution suffered by people in indoor urban environments.



The package, called the Urban Exposure Module, is a state-of-the-art, user-friendly management decision software tool aimed at helping administrators quantify and deal with the health risks associated with pollution in urban environments. Its use could help in the understanding and possibly prevention of major health problems that are caused by airborne pollutants.

The Urban Exposure Module provides local, regional and national governments with a system to translate measured outdoor pollution concentrations or emissions into real health risks for people in domestic environments and will enable more effective air pollution control strategies to be developed and administered. It is the culmination of a collaborative three year European Union funded project which has seen the Essex team work with partners across Europe. The new software has already been unveiled in Oslo and Prague and will be launched in the UK at a London workshop on Wednesday 29 June.


Professor Ian Colbeck, leader of the Essex team based in the University’s Department of Biological Sciences, explained: ’Current regulation and legislation relating to air quality is based on measurements made outdoors. However, most people spend 80 per cent of their time indoors and for some groups, such as the elderly and mothers with pre-school age children, this statistic is even higher. Therefore, it is really rather important that we understand the risks when indoors.

’In order to develop the system, we made extensive simultaneous measurements of the indoor and outdoor concentrations of a range of pollutants in a variety of buildings in five major European cities. We were then able to establish a set of models of likely indoor concentrations based upon the outdoor readings. From our estimated indoor concentrations we could then estimate the amount that a person would inhale. The software can then be used to forecast exposure levels or can be used as a diagnostic tool to investigate pollution incidents.’

The project also took into account water-borne pollutants and how, and in what doses, they might enter the body.

The team’s results were used to develop the new software which is designed to work best when integrated into an Air Quality Management System that uses geographical information to track and monitor outdoor air quality.

Kate Clayton | alfa
Further information:
http://www.essex.ac.uk/news

More articles from Information Technology:

nachricht Robots as Tools and Partners in Rehabilitation
17.08.2018 | Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

nachricht Low bandwidth? Use more colors at once
17.08.2018 | Purdue University

All articles from Information Technology >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Color effects from transparent 3D-printed nanostructures

New design tool automatically creates nanostructure 3D-print templates for user-given colors
Scientists present work at prestigious SIGGRAPH conference

Most of the objects we see are colored by pigments, but using pigments has disadvantages: such colors can fade, industrial pigments are often toxic, and...

Im Focus: Unraveling the nature of 'whistlers' from space in the lab

A new study sheds light on how ultralow frequency radio waves and plasmas interact

Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles present new research on a curious cosmic phenomenon known as "whistlers" -- very low frequency packets...

Im Focus: New interactive machine learning tool makes car designs more aerodynamic

Scientists develop first tool to use machine learning methods to compute flow around interactively designable 3D objects. Tool will be presented at this year’s prestigious SIGGRAPH conference.

When engineers or designers want to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed shape of a car, airplane, or other object, they would normally model...

Im Focus: Robots as 'pump attendants': TU Graz develops robot-controlled rapid charging system for e-vehicles

Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.

Global demand for electric vehicles is forecast to rise sharply: by 2025, the number of new vehicle registrations is expected to reach 25 million per year....

Im Focus: The “TRiC” to folding actin

Proteins must be folded correctly to fulfill their molecular functions in cells. Molecular assistants called chaperones help proteins exploit their inbuilt folding potential and reach the correct three-dimensional structure. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry (MPIB) have demonstrated that actin, the most abundant protein in higher developed cells, does not have the inbuilt potential to fold and instead requires special assistance to fold into its active state. The chaperone TRiC uses a previously undescribed mechanism to perform actin folding. The study was recently published in the journal Cell.

Actin is the most abundant protein in highly developed cells and has diverse functions in processes like cell stabilization, cell division and muscle...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

LaserForum 2018 deals with 3D production of components

17.08.2018 | Event News

Within reach of the Universe

08.08.2018 | Event News

A journey through the history of microscopy – new exhibition opens at the MDC

27.07.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Smallest transistor worldwide switches current with a single atom in solid electrolyte

17.08.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

Robots as Tools and Partners in Rehabilitation

17.08.2018 | Information Technology

Climate Impact Research in Hannover: Small Plants against Large Waves

17.08.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>