Professor Gobert, of the School of Law, explains: 'Events over the past decade have heightened awareness of the harm that can be caused by companies and other organisations carrying out activities in a reckless or negligent manner.
Corporate misconduct can result in economic loss on a massive scale (eg Enron), as well as physical injuries and even death (like the Concord crash in France and rail accidents at Southall, Paddington and Hatfield in the UK). Failed prosecutions have highlighted the inadequacy of traditional criminal law for coping with corporate fault.'
'In response, new laws have been enacted to address the problem of corporate wrongdoing in many European countries. This includes the UK with the Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007, as well as France, Italy, the Netherlands, Austria and Finland. Yet other countries, such as Germany, continue to adhere to an administrative law approach where companies cannot be prosecuted for serious criminal offences.'
Professor Gobert continues: 'Although in our new world of globalisation, there is significant interest on the part of NGOs, trade unions, governments and international businesses in how alleged corporate criminal liability should be dealt with, there is little published work in this area. To the best of our knowledge, no book that undertaken a comparative analysis of corporate criminal liability in Europe. The overall purpose of this British Academy research grant is to produce a book comparing how the laws of different European jurisdictions hold organisations to account for serious harm and how offences are investigated, prosecuted and sentenced.'
Victoria Bartholomew | alfa
MaterialVital Preis 2019 awarded for novel hydrogel wound dressings
05.09.2019 | Leibniz-Institut für Polymerforschung Dresden e. V.
Decoding cell communication
13.06.2019 | Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
How long the battery of your phone or computer lasts depends on how many lithium ions can be stored in the battery's negative electrode material. If the battery runs out of these ions, it can't generate an electrical current to run a device and ultimately fails.
Materials with a higher lithium ion storage capacity are either too heavy or the wrong shape to replace graphite, the electrode material currently used in...
To process information, photons must interact. However, these tiny packets of light want nothing to do with each other, each passing by without altering the...
Researchers from the Department of Atomically Resolved Dynamics of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg, the University of Hamburg and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) outstation in the city have developed a new method to watch biomolecules at work. This method dramatically simplifies starting enzymatic reactions by mixing a cocktail of small amounts of liquids with protein crystals. Determination of the protein structures at different times after mixing can be assembled into a time-lapse sequence that shows the molecular foundations of biology.
The functions of biomolecules are determined by their motions and structural changes. Yet it is a formidable challenge to understand these dynamic motions.
At the International Symposium on Automotive Lighting 2019 (ISAL) in Darmstadt from September 23 to 25, 2019, the Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP, a provider of research and development services in the field of organic electronics, will present OLED light strips of any length with additional functionalities for the first time at booth no. 37.
Almost everyone is familiar with light strips for interior design. LED strips are available by the metre in DIY stores around the corner and are just as often...
Later during this century, around 2060, a paradigm shift in global energy consumption is expected: we will spend more energy for cooling than for heating....
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