Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Smart mathematical model prevents the spread of swine fever

11.04.2003


Dutch epidemiologists have calculated that partial vaccination can stop outbreaks of swine fever. What’’s more, mother sows do not need to be vaccinated. The research was carried out at the Institute for Animal Science and Health, Lelystad, and Utrecht University.

PhD student Don Klinkenberg calculated that partial vaccinations do not exceed the limit for the outbreak of an epidemic. If the mother sows are not vaccinated, the spread of the swine fever is limited to transfer to less than one pig production unit. Therefore a partial vaccination can successfully control an epidemic of swine fever.

An epidemic of swine fever is only possible if each pig production unit transfers the swine fever virus to an average of more than one other pig production unit. With complete vaccination the transfer of the virus remains under the limit and the epidemic eventually dies out. A disadvantage of complete vaccination is that the spread of the virus cannot be properly monitored. Virus-carrying piglets continue to be born and these form an infection danger for nearby breeding units. These piglets are scarcely detectable because the virus obtained form the mother sow does not respond to normal detection methods.



One possibility for rendering the piglets infected via the mother ’’visible’’, is not to vaccinate the mother sows. The piglets are then ’’normally’’ ill and can therefore be detected.

The researcher’’s conclusions are based on the mathematical model he developed. That model is valid for areas with an average pig density, relatively many breeding units and a virus of average virulence. The virus is comparable with that present during the epidemic of 1997 and 1998.

The model has calculated that the vaccination takes effect after about a week. Vaccination reduces the spread of the virus but does not completely prevent it. As a result of this the epidemic can still persist for several months. This will partly depend upon how severe the epidemic is when the vaccination takes place.

The question remains as to whether large-scale vaccination will take place in a future epidemic without the need for preventive slaughtering. Risks such as the transfer of the virus from sows to unborn piglets and the fact that the infection can never be completely excluded in vaccinated animals will probably be seen as too big for the further spread of the virus.

Nalinie Moerlie | alfa
Further information:
http://www.nwo.nl/news

More articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science:

nachricht Cereals use chemical defenses in a multifunctional manner against different herbivores
06.12.2018 | Max-Planck-Institut für chemische Ökologie

nachricht Can rice filter water from ag fields?
05.12.2018 | American Society of Agronomy

All articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Lethal combination: Drug cocktail turns off the juice to cancer cells

A widely used diabetes medication combined with an antihypertensive drug specifically inhibits tumor growth – this was discovered by researchers from the University of Basel’s Biozentrum two years ago. In a follow-up study, recently published in “Cell Reports”, the scientists report that this drug cocktail induces cancer cell death by switching off their energy supply.

The widely used anti-diabetes drug metformin not only reduces blood sugar but also has an anti-cancer effect. However, the metformin dose commonly used in the...

Im Focus: New Foldable Drone Flies through Narrow Holes in Rescue Missions

A research team from the University of Zurich has developed a new drone that can retract its propeller arms in flight and make itself small to fit through narrow gaps and holes. This is particularly useful when searching for victims of natural disasters.

Inspecting a damaged building after an earthquake or during a fire is exactly the kind of job that human rescuers would like drones to do for them. A flying...

Im Focus: Topological material switched off and on for the first time

Key advance for future topological transistors

Over the last decade, there has been much excitement about the discovery, recognised by the Nobel Prize in Physics only two years ago, that there are two types...

Im Focus: Researchers develop method to transfer entire 2D circuits to any smooth surface

What if a sensor sensing a thing could be part of the thing itself? Rice University engineers believe they have a two-dimensional solution to do just that.

Rice engineers led by materials scientists Pulickel Ajayan and Jun Lou have developed a method to make atom-flat sensors that seamlessly integrate with devices...

Im Focus: Three components on one chip

Scientists at the University of Stuttgart and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) succeed in important further development on the way to quantum Computers.

Quantum computers one day should be able to solve certain computing problems much faster than a classical computer. One of the most promising approaches is...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

New Plastics Economy Investor Forum - Meeting Point for Innovations

10.12.2018 | Event News

EGU 2019 meeting: Media registration now open

06.12.2018 | Event News

Expert Panel on the Future of HPC in Engineering

03.12.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Innovative Infrared heat reduces energy consumption in coating packaging for food

12.12.2018 | Trade Fair News

New Foldable Drone Flies through Narrow Holes in Rescue Missions

12.12.2018 | Information Technology

Obtaining polyester from plant oil

12.12.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>