The themes of the newly approved Collaborative Research Centres include the development of innovative spaceship drive systems, overcoming treatment resistance in tumours and tackling anxiety disorders affecting humans. Further topics include studies in the field of hadron physics and research into molecular components at the nano-level. Five of the eight new establishments are CRC/Transregional CRCs, which are spread across several research sites.
As well as these facilities, the DFG Grants Committee responsible also voted at its spring session in Bonn for the continuation of 28 Collaborative Research Centres for a further funding period. This means that the DFG will in future be funding a total of 267 Collaborative Research Centres.The new Collaborative Research Centres in detail:
In order to permanently reduce the demand for energy and resources, researchers from Freiberg want to develop higher-performance materials and manufacturing methods that are at the same time more energy-efficient and more efficient in terms of material usage. The CRC 799 "TRIP Matrix Composite Design of durable, conversion-reinforced composite materials and structures based on Fe-ZrO2" is focussed mainly on the innovative combination of materials with naturally occurring functions as a model for technological development. The intention here is to create a new class of extremely lightweight high-performance composite materials. (Host university: , Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, Coordinator: Professor Horst Biermann)
Challenges of space travel are central to CRC/Transregional CRC 40 "Technological foundations for the design of thermally and mechanically highly stressed components of future space transport systems". In this Centre, researchers from Munich, Aachen, Braunschweig and Stuttgart are concentrating on the most severely stressed components of rocket-powered space transporters. The main parts that are exposed to large forces and high temperatures are the combustion chamber, propelling nozzle, rear section and cooling system. In the Collaborative Research Centre novel types of nozzle, fuels and cooling methods are to be developed and their complex interactions optimised. (Host university: TU Munich, Coordinator: Professor Nikolaus Andreas Adams)
Fear and anxiety, two fundamental and, in evolutionary terms, old emotions are central to CRC/Transregional CRC 58 "Fear, anxiety and anxiety disorders", which are found ever more frequently in humans in the form of disproportionate, pathological anxiety states such as panic attacks or phobias. Scientists from Münster, Würzburg, Hamburg and Mainz intend to investigate how these emotions and their pathological effects arise on a broad and overarching basis from genes via cells and the "nerve cell circuitry" up to the behavioural level, or from the animal model right up to the patient. (Host university: WWU Münster, Coordinator: Professor Hans-Christian Pape)
With the formation of CRC/Transregional CRC 61 "Multilevel Molecular Assemblies – Structure, Dynamics and Functions", international scientific cooperation is being put on a completely new footing. Within the first Chinese-German CRC/Transregional CRC, scientists from the fields of physics, chemistry and biology in Beijing and Münster are jointly researching the properties and functions of molecular aggregates on the nanometre scale. This research effort is inspired by biological systems and their fascinating properties in the organisation of structures. Based on a joint agreement with the Chinese funding organisation National Science Foundation of China (NSFC), the Chinese groups are funded by the NSFC, the Münster scientists for their part by the DFG. (Host university: WWU Münster, additional applicant university: Tsinghua University Beijing, Coordinator: Professor Harald Fuchs and Professor Zhang Xi)
Researchers in the CRC/Transregional CRC 55 "Hadron physics with lattice-QCD" plan to use quantum chromodynamics, probably the most technically complex quantum field theory, to achieve new, internationally significant discoveries in hadron physics. Their goal is to be able to make precise predictions for current and future experiments researching the structure of matter. A particular challenge is posed by the implementation of the computing requirements necessary for these experiments, which will also be undertaken jointly with industry within the unit. The participating universities are in Regensburg and Wuppertal, with scientists from Graz and Bern also being involved. (Host university: University of Regensburg, Coordinator: Professor Andreas Schäfer)
CRC 773 "Treatment resistance in solid tumours and its elimination" will be investigating the molecular foundations of the formation of resistance by solid tumours to radiotherapy and chaemotherapy, in order to facilitate more efficient approaches to the elimination of treatment-resistant tumours. The main focus areas are the understanding of signal paths, cell death mechanisms and the importance of tumour stem cells in overcoming treatment resistance. (Host university: Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, Coordinator: Professor Sebastian Wesselborg)
The CRC/Transregional CRC 52 "Transcriptional programming of individual T-cell populations" deals with the question: How does genetic control development into a specialised T-cell? In this area the CRC intends to work out new results on the function of the T-cell, which belongs to the immune system of the human body in the form of a white blood cell. The specialist knowledge of laboratories from Würzburg, Mainz and Berlin is brought together in this centre, in order to support long-term development of new treatments for common immune system diseases. (Host university: Julius-Maximilian University Wurzburg, Coordinator: Professor Edgar Serfling)
Jutta Hoehn | alfa
Decision-making research in children: Rules of thumb are learned with time
19.10.2016 | Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung
Young people discover the "Learning Center"
20.09.2016 | Research Center Pharmaceutical Engineering GmbH
Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.
This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...
Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion
Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...
Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.
"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...
In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...
By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.
"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...
14.10.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
12.10.2016 | Event News
26.10.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering
26.10.2016 | Awards Funding
26.10.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering