Erlangen astroparticle physicists collaborate with European KM3NeT-neutrino telescope
In the early morning of December 3, 2015 scientists and engineers from nine European countries started the installation of KM3NeT, the largest detector of neutrinos in the Northern Hemisphere. Located in the depths of the Mediterranean Sea, the telescope will study the fundamental properties of neutrinos and map the high-energy cosmic neutrinos emanating from extreme cataclysmic events in the universe.
Prof. Dr. Gisela Anton, Prof. Dr. Uli Katz and their team from the Erlangen Center for Astroparticle Physics (ECAP) at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) contribute to KM3NeT with simulation and physics sensitivity studies and the production of sensor modules, are responsible for the software development.
Neutrinos are the most elusive of elementary particles and their detection requires the instrumentation of enormous volumes. The KM3NeT neutrino telescope will consist of a network of several hundred vertical detection strings, anchored to the seabed, occupying more than a cubic kilometre volume of seawater.
Each string hosts 18 light sensor modules equally spaced along its length. In the darkness of the abyss, the sensor modules register the faint flashes of light that signal the interaction of neutrinos with the seawater surrounding the telescope.
On board the Ambrosius Tide deployment boat, the first string – wound, like a ball of wool, around a spherical frame – arrived at the location of the KM3NeT-Italy site south of Sicily. It was anchored to the seabed at a depth of 3500 m and connected to a junction box, already present on the seafloor, using a remotely operated submersible controlled from the boat. The junction box is connected by a 100 km cable to the shore station located in Portopalo di Capo Passero in the south of Sicily.
Marco Circella, the technical coordinator of KM3NeT explains: “The large depth of sea water shields the telescope from particles created by cosmic rays in the atmosphere above the telescope. Constructing such a large infrastructure at these depths is a tremendous technical challenge. Just making the underwater connections requires custom-designed electrical and fibre optics connectors. The crew of the Ambrosius Tide are experts in performing such delicate submarine operations.”
After verification of the quality of the power and fibre optic connections to the shore station, the go ahead was given to trigger the unfurling of the string to its full 700 m height. During this process, the deployment frame is released from its anchor and floats towards the surface while slowly rotating. In doing so, the string unwinds from the spherical frame, eventually leaving behind a vertical string. The string was then powered on from the shore station and the first data from the sensor modules started streaming to shore.
Prof. Dr. Uli Katz, chair of astroparticle physics at Erlangen University and KM3NeT physics and software director: “It is an overwhelming success that the first string is fully functional and delivers high-quality data immediately after switch-on. Within hours we were able to reconstruct the first down-going atmospheric muons. We are excitedly looking forward to the data from the growing detector.” The Erlangen Center for Astroparticle Physics (ECAP) of the Friedrich-Alexander-Universität of Erlangen-Nürnberg contributes to KM3NeT with simulation and physics sensitivity studies and the production of sensor modules, and carries responsibility for the software development.
Rosanna Cocimano who coordinates the high-voltage power network for KM3NeT, remarks: “An electro-optical network of cables distributes the high-voltage power from the shore station to the sensor modules in the deep sea. The light signals measured by the sensor modules are returned over optical fibres back to the shore station.”
The successful acquisition of data from the abyss with the pioneering technology developed by the KM3NeT Collaboration is a major milestone for the project. It represents the culmination of ten years of research and development by the many research institutes comprising the international Collaboration.
Maarten de Jong, spokesperson and director of KM3NeT, said: “This important step in the verification of the design and the technology will allow the KM3NeT Collaboration to proceed with confidence toward the mass production of detection strings and their installation at the sites in the Mediterranean Sea off-shore from Italy and France. A new era in neutrino astronomy has begun.”
Partner institutes in the KM3NeT Collaboration include:
France: Centre de Physique des Particules de Marseille (CPPM), AstroParticule et Cosmologie (APC, Paris), Institute Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC, Strasbourg),
Germany: Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics (ECAP) and Dr. Karl Remeis Observatory Bamberg (both FAU), Kepler Centre for Astro and Particle Physics (Tübingen), Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg,
Greece: National Centre for Scientific Research “Demokritos” (NCSR-D, Athens), National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Hellenic Open University (Patras), Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Technological Education Institute of Piraeus
Italy: Laboratori Nazionali del Sud (INFN/LNS, Catania), University of Bari, University of Bologna, University of Catania, University of Genova, University of Napoli, University of Pisa, University La Sapienza (Rome), University of Salerno, Napoli Gruppo Collegeato di Salerno, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati (INFN/LNF), Istituto Nazionali di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV, Rome)
Morocco: Mohammed First University (Oujda)
The Netherlands: National institute for subatomic physics (Nikhef, Amsterdam), Universiteit van Amsterdam, Universiteit van Leiden, Universiteit van Groningen (RUG/KVI), Nationaal Instituut voor Onderzoek der Zee (NIOZ, Texel), TNO
Poland: National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ, Warsaw)
Spain: Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular (IFIC/CSIC, Valencia), Polytechnical University Valencia (UPV), Technical University of Catalonia (UPC, Barcelona)
In addition, other institutes are involved as observers.
Prof. Dr. Uli Katz
KM3NeT physics and software director
Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics, FAU
Dr. Susanne Langer | idw - Informationsdienst Wissenschaft
Hubble sees Neptune's mysterious shrinking storm
16.02.2018 | NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
Supermassive black hole model predicts characteristic light signals at cusp of collision
15.02.2018 | Rochester Institute of Technology
Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale
Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...
For photographers and scientists, lenses are lifesavers. They reflect and refract light, making possible the imaging systems that drive discovery through the microscope and preserve history through cameras.
But today's glass-based lenses are bulky and resist miniaturization. Next-generation technologies, such as ultrathin cameras or tiny microscopes, require...
Scientists from the University of Zurich have succeeded for the first time in tracking individual stem cells and their neuronal progeny over months within the intact adult brain. This study sheds light on how new neurons are produced throughout life.
The generation of new nerve cells was once thought to taper off at the end of embryonic development. However, recent research has shown that the adult brain...
Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. Study published in Physical Review Letters
Quantum computer parts are sensitive and need to be cooled to very low temperatures. Their tiny size makes them particularly susceptible to a temperature...
Let’s say the armrest is broken in your vintage car. As things stand, you would need a lot of luck and persistence to find the right spare part. But in the world of Industrie 4.0 and production with batch sizes of one, you can simply scan the armrest and print it out. This is made possible by the first ever 3D scanner capable of working autonomously and in real time. The autonomous scanning system will be on display at the Hannover Messe Preview on February 6 and at the Hannover Messe proper from April 23 to 27, 2018 (Hall 6, Booth A30).
Part of the charm of vintage cars is that they stopped making them long ago, so it is special when you do see one out on the roads. If something breaks or...
15.02.2018 | Event News
13.02.2018 | Event News
12.02.2018 | Event News
16.02.2018 | Information Technology
16.02.2018 | Health and Medicine
16.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy