Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

An Aspirin A Day Keeps Colorectal Cancer Away

11.05.2007
Long term use of 300mg or more of aspirin a day for five years can prevent colorectal cancer, conclude authors of a study published in this week’s special gastroenterology edition of The Lancet.

But the authors of the study and an accompanying comment stress that the potential risks of long term aspirin use at this dose and the availability of alternative prevention strategies mean that widespread use of aspirin for cancer prevention cannot be recommended in the general population.

However, the benefits are likely to outweigh the risks in individuals at increased risk of colon cancer. The findings are also likely to influence the choice of antiplatelet drug in patients who require long-term treatment because of vascular disease.

The study was conducted by Professor Peter Rothwell, University Department of Clinical Neurology, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK and colleagues. In collaboration with the original investigators (Sir Richard Doll, Sir Richard Peto and Charles Warlow), they determined the delayed effect of aspirin by following-up patients from two large randomised trials of aspirin performed in the late 1970s and early 80s - the British Doctors’ Aspirin Trial and the UK-TIA Aspirin Trial.

The researchers were particularly interested in long term follow-up due to the likely time delay in any effect of aspirin on colorectal cancer. Adenomas (the pre-cancerous growths that aspirin is thought to reduce) take at least 10 years to develop into cancers. The study showed that use of Aspirin for five years reduced the subsequent incidence of colorectal cancer by 37% overall, and by 74% during the period 10-15 years after treatment was started.

In an accompanying analysis of observational studies, the risk of colorectal cancer also appeared to be reduced by between 50-70% in patients taking medium-high doses of aspirin for 10 years or more. This analysis also showed that the effects of aspirin were consistent regardless of age, sex, race or country of origin of patients studied (all of which affect the general rate of colorectal cancer) and that the effect was also seen in individuals with a family history of colorectal cancer in a first degree family relative (which increases lifetime risk of an individual acquiring the disease by two to four times).

The authors conclude: “Use of 300mg or more of aspirin a day for about five years is effective in primary prevention of colorectal cancer, with a latency of about 10 years, which is consistent with findings from observational studies.

“Long-term follow up is required from other randomised trials to establish the effects of lower or less frequent doses of aspirin.”

In an accompanying comment, Dr Andrew Chan, Gastrointestinal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA, says: “Rothwell and colleagues’ results, when viewed in the context of the preponderance of laboratory studies, epidemiological data, and adenoma recurrence trials, do provide convincing evidence that aspirin, at biologically relevant doses, can reduce the incidence of colorectal cancer.

“However, with the concerns about the potential risks of long-term aspirin use and the availability of alternative prevention strategies (e.g. screening), these findings are not sufficient to warrant a recommendation for the general population to use aspirin for cancer prevention.”

Tony Kirby | alfa
Further information:
http://www.thelancet.com/webfiles/images/clusters/thelancet/press_office/Aspirin.pdf

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Cystic fibrosis alters the structure of mucus in airways
29.06.2017 | University of Iowa Health Care

nachricht Mice provide insight into genetics of autism spectrum disorders
28.06.2017 | University of California - Davis

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Making Waves

Computer scientists use wave packet theory to develop realistic, detailed water wave simulations in real time. Their results will be presented at this year’s SIGGRAPH conference.

Think about the last time you were at a lake, river, or the ocean. Remember the ripples of the water, the waves crashing against the rocks, the wake following...

Im Focus: Can we see monkeys from space? Emerging technologies to map biodiversity

An international team of scientists has proposed a new multi-disciplinary approach in which an array of new technologies will allow us to map biodiversity and the risks that wildlife is facing at the scale of whole landscapes. The findings are published in Nature Ecology and Evolution. This international research is led by the Kunming Institute of Zoology from China, University of East Anglia, University of Leicester and the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research.

Using a combination of satellite and ground data, the team proposes that it is now possible to map biodiversity with an accuracy that has not been previously...

Im Focus: Climate satellite: Tracking methane with robust laser technology

Heatwaves in the Arctic, longer periods of vegetation in Europe, severe floods in West Africa – starting in 2021, scientists want to explore the emissions of the greenhouse gas methane with the German-French satellite MERLIN. This is made possible by a new robust laser system of the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT in Aachen, which achieves unprecedented measurement accuracy.

Methane is primarily the result of the decomposition of organic matter. The gas has a 25 times greater warming potential than carbon dioxide, but is not as...

Im Focus: How protons move through a fuel cell

Hydrogen is regarded as the energy source of the future: It is produced with solar power and can be used to generate heat and electricity in fuel cells. Empa researchers have now succeeded in decoding the movement of hydrogen ions in crystals – a key step towards more efficient energy conversion in the hydrogen industry of tomorrow.

As charge carriers, electrons and ions play the leading role in electrochemical energy storage devices and converters such as batteries and fuel cells. Proton...

Im Focus: A unique data centre for cosmological simulations

Scientists from the Excellence Cluster Universe at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich have establised "Cosmowebportal", a unique data centre for cosmological simulations located at the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. The complete results of a series of large hydrodynamical cosmological simulations are available, with data volumes typically exceeding several hundred terabytes. Scientists worldwide can interactively explore these complex simulations via a web interface and directly access the results.

With current telescopes, scientists can observe our Universe’s galaxies and galaxy clusters and their distribution along an invisible cosmic web. From the...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Plants are networkers

19.06.2017 | Event News

Digital Survival Training for Executives

13.06.2017 | Event News

Global Learning Council Summit 2017

13.06.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Nanostructures taste the rainbow

29.06.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

New technique unveils 'matrix' inside tissues and tumors

29.06.2017 | Life Sciences

Cystic fibrosis alters the structure of mucus in airways

29.06.2017 | Health and Medicine

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>