Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Rush Researchers Participate in Worldwide AIDS Initiative Led by Imperial College London

04.04.2007
Researchers at Rush University Medical Center have been selected to participate in a collaborative initiative to develop a simple, affordable and rapid test to measure the immune systems of people infected with HIV/AIDS in developing countries. The four year CD4 Initiative is conducted under the leadership of Imperial College London with funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

The CD4 Initiative will develop an easy to use device that can measure CD4+ T-lymphocytes in HIV+ patients. The CD4 cell count measures the number of these critical disease-fighting cells in the blood, a figure that health care workers need in order to make key clinical decisions in managing HIV disease, such as when to begin or to switch antiretroviral therapy.

Study co-investigator Alan Landay, PhD, chairman of the department of Immunology and Microbiology at Rush, said current technologies for measuring CD4 counts are expensive to buy and maintain, and require a level of infrastructure and training that is often not available in many developing countries.

“In remote villages where there are likely to be no laboratory facilities, health care workers need a simple point-of-care test they can perform with little training,” said Landay. “The goal is an inexpensive test that can use blood from a simple finger prick and requires no sample processing or microscopy.”

Landay will collaborate with scientists at the Burnet Institute in Melbourne, Australia. The technology underpinning this test was developed by associate professor David Anderson, a co-investigator on this grant and deputy director at the Burnet Institute. The principal investigator on the proposal is Suzanne Crowe, head of the Pathogenesis and Clinical Research Program at the Burnet Institute. Other co-investigators include Professor Tom Denny of Duke University School of Medicine.

The initiative will take a project management approach using multiple research teams around the world from academia, private companies and other institutions that will work collaboratively under the leadership of Imperial College London.

“Despite the burden of HIV/AIDS on the developing worlds, many of the diagnostic tools are just not accessible there due to the high cost and complexity of use. This initiative will help develop new, simple, rapid, robust and affordable tools and help remove one important barrier to the effective implementation of AIDS care in these countries,” said professor Stephen Smith, principal of the faculty of medicine at Imperial College London.

Initial funding for the proof of concept was provided by a grant from the Doris Duke Foundation.

Kim Waterman | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.rush.edu

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Cholesterol-lowering drugs may fight infectious disease
22.08.2017 | Duke University

nachricht Once invincible superbug squashed by 'superteam' of antibiotics
22.08.2017 | University at Buffalo

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat wonder material: Graphene

Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.

As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...

Im Focus: Exotic quantum states made from light: Physicists create optical “wells” for a super-photon

Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.

Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...

Im Focus: Circular RNA linked to brain function

For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.

While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...

Im Focus: RAVAN CubeSat measures Earth's outgoing energy

An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.

The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...

Im Focus: Scientists shine new light on the “other high temperature superconductor”

A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Call for Papers – ICNFT 2018, 5th International Conference on New Forming Technology

16.08.2017 | Event News

Sustainability is the business model of tomorrow

04.08.2017 | Event News

Clash of Realities 2017: Registration now open. International Conference at TH Köln

26.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Optimizing therapy planning for cancers of the liver

24.08.2017 | Medical Engineering

Icebergs: Mathematical model calculates the collapse of shelf ice

24.08.2017 | Earth Sciences

Improved monitoring of coral reefs with the HyperDiver

24.08.2017 | Earth Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>