A study published today in the journal Arthritis Research & Therapy reveals that there is a significant genetic component to the occurrence and severity of bone marrow lesions in the tibia and femur. The study also shows that bone marrow lesions are more common in men and increase with age and weight.
Guangju Zhai, from St Thomas’ Hospital, London, UK and colleagues from institutions in Australia studied 115 siblings from 48 families with a history of osteoarthritis. Zhai et al. used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess bone marrow lesions in the subjects. The authors then calculated the heritability estimates - or the extent to which they are hereditary - for bone marrow lesions in lateral and medial tibia and femur.
The results of Zhai et al.’s study show that the heritability estimate was 99% for the prevalence of bone marrow lesions in both lateral and medial compartments of the bones. The heritability estimates for the severity of bone marrow lesions are 53% for lateral bones and 65% for medial bones, after adjustment for age, sex, height, weight, muscle strength, knee pain and knee alignment.
The authors conclude that further studies to identify the gene(s) responsible for bone marrow lesions may help in the prevention and management of knee pain in osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis.
Juliette Savin | alfa
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A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. This has made it possible to observe the interaction of multiple photons in a single such pulse with electrons in the inner orbital shell of an atom.
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A group of researchers led by Andrea Cavalleri at the Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) in Hamburg has demonstrated a new method enabling precise measurements of the interatomic forces that hold crystalline solids together. The paper Probing the Interatomic Potential of Solids by Strong-Field Nonlinear Phononics, published online in Nature, explains how a terahertz-frequency laser pulse can drive very large deformations of the crystal.
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Quantum computers may one day solve algorithmic problems which even the biggest supercomputers today can’t manage. But how do you test a quantum computer to...
For the first time, a team of researchers at the Max-Planck Institute (MPI) for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, has succeeded in making an integrated circuit (IC) from just a monolayer of a semiconducting polymer via a bottom-up, self-assembly approach.
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Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale
Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...
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23.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy