Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Developing methods for studying health effects of air pollution

19.05.2006


A model for assessing urban fine particle concentrations developed in a research project led by Professor Jaakko Kukkonen has substantially improved the methods used in urban air quality measurements. Funded by the Academy of Finland in 1999–2001, the project was among the first to develop methods for modelling urban air pollution through international cooperation. The project perfected the emission, dispersion and transformation models of road traffic emissions. Kukkonen’s research is one of the projects presented in the Academy’s report "The impact of research in biosciences and environmental research".



The results of the project have had extensive impact, both scientifically and socially. The project was mainly carried out at the Finnish Meteorological Institute, and the created methodological basis has, for instance, been used, developed and applied in later research projects studying the health effects of air pollution. The models have, for example, been used to calculate the distribution of air pollution concentrations in the Helsinki metropolitan area. This allows for more extensive assessments of exceedings of reference and limit values of concentration levels in comparison to mere measurements. The results thus have direct social significance as well.

"Collaboration with the Helsinki Metropolitan Area Council (YTV) from the very planning of the project led to that YTV is putting the results and to some extent also the methods to use in its practical work of assessing alternatives for traffic, urban and environmental planning," says Jaakko Kukkonen. The developed models have since been used to, for example, calculate health effects of air pollution in the Helsinki metropolitan area with different traffic system plans. This has been carried out in cooperation with the National Public Health Institute and YTV as part of the Academy of Finland’s Health Promotion Research Programme TERVE.


The Finnish Meteorological Institute and YTV have also jointly published two reports on the use of dispersion models in air quality and population exposure assessments in the Helsinki metropolitan area. The reports include computational estimates of emission, dispersion and transformation of gas-like pollutants as well as population exposure to air pollution in the Helsinki metropolitan area.

The research project has been continued as part of Tekes’ technology programme FINE Particles – Technology, Environment and Health, and financed through the EU Fifth Framework Programme. The FINE programme generalised the model system to cover the whole of Europe, and it was for example used to carry out the first assessment of the number of premature deaths in Finland caused by fine particles. This study was done in cooperation with the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) and the National Public Health Institute. "Results such as these allow us to put the fine particle problem in terms that political decision-makers can easily grasp," says Kukkonen.

Riitta Tirronen | alfa
Further information:
http://www.aka.fi/eng

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Organ-on-a-chip mimics heart's biomechanical properties
23.02.2017 | Vanderbilt University

nachricht Researchers identify cause of hereditary skeletal muscle disorder
22.02.2017 | Klinikum der Universität München

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

Im Focus: DNA repair: a new letter in the cell alphabet

Results reveal how discoveries may be hidden in scientific “blind spots”

Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...

Im Focus: Dresdner scientists print tomorrow’s world

The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.

The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...

Im Focus: Mimicking nature's cellular architectures via 3-D printing

Research offers new level of control over the structure of 3-D printed materials

Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...

Im Focus: Three Magnetic States for Each Hole

Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. The results have been published in the journal "Scientific Reports".

Physicist Dr. Rantej Bali from the HZDR, together with scientists from Singapore and Australia, designed a special grid structure in a thin layer of cobalt in...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Booth and panel discussion – The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting

13.02.2017 | Event News

Complex Loading versus Hidden Reserves

10.02.2017 | Event News

International Conference on Crystal Growth in Freiburg

09.02.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Stingless bees have their nests protected by soldiers

24.02.2017 | Life Sciences

New risk factors for anxiety disorders

24.02.2017 | Life Sciences

MWC 2017: 5G Capital Berlin

24.02.2017 | Trade Fair News

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>