Ahead of World AIDS Day on December 1, a series of commentaries in this week’s issue of THE LANCET outline the current and future priorities in the global effort to curb the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
The first commentary is a call to action for a renewed public-health strategy to prevent sexually transmitted HIV. Against a background of twenty years of debate over the value of different behaviour-change approaches, authors Daniel Halperin (University of California San Francisco, USA) and colleagues outline evidence-based objectives for the various populations at risk: an emphasis on abstinence for young people not yet sexually active, the importance of fidelity and consistent condom use for people already sexually active; and programmes and policies aimed at reducing the number of sexual partners and promoting correct and consistent condom use in high-risk groups. The commentary is a consensus statement signed by over 140 HIV/AIDS experts from 36 countries, and includes such notable endorsers as Archbishop Desmond Tutu, President Museveni of Uganda, Special UN Envoy Stephen Lewis, and representatives from the World Bank, Global Fund for AIDS/TB/Malaria, and five UN agencies, the heads of the HIV-AIDS programs in several countries including Ethiopia, India, Jamaica and Uganda, as well as prominent technical, religious and other organizations working on HIV-AIDS. The commentary concludes: ‘The time has come to leave behind divisive polarisation and to move forward together in designing and implementing evidence-based prevention programmes to help reduce the millions of new infections occurring each year.’
With an estimated 5 million new HIV infections worldwide in 2003, the context in which people are vulnerable to HIV infection is discussed by Catherine Hankins (UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland). The commentary outlines how changing the social, legal, and economic environments in many populations—especially among women and children in developing countries—is critical if any future public-health interventions to reduce HIV transmission are to be successful.
Richard Lane | alfa
Resolving the mystery of preeclampsia
21.10.2016 | Universitätsklinikum Magdeburg
New potential cancer treatment using microwaves to target deep tumors
12.10.2016 | University of Texas at Arlington
Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.
"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...
In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...
By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.
"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...
COMPAMED has become the leading international marketplace for suppliers of medical manufacturing. The trade fair, which takes place every November and is co-located to MEDICA in Dusseldorf, has been steadily growing over the past years and shows that medical technology remains a rapidly growing market.
In 2016, the joint pavilion by the IVAM Microtechnology Network, the Product Market “High-tech for Medical Devices”, will be located in Hall 8a again and will...
'Ferroelectric' materials can switch between different states of electrical polarization in response to an external electric field. This flexibility means they show promise for many applications, for example in electronic devices and computer memory. Current ferroelectric materials are highly valued for their thermal and chemical stability and rapid electro-mechanical responses, but creating a material that is scalable down to the tiny sizes needed for technologies like silicon-based semiconductors (Si-based CMOS) has proven challenging.
Now, Hiroshi Funakubo and co-workers at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, in collaboration with researchers across Japan, have conducted experiments to...
14.10.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
12.10.2016 | Event News
21.10.2016 | Health and Medicine
21.10.2016 | Information Technology
21.10.2016 | Materials Sciences