A genetic variant that can explain the occurrence of a type of rheumatic disorder called SLE has been identified by a research team at Uppsala University, Sweden. The team, led by Associate Professor Marta Alarcón at the Rudbeck Laboratory, is presenting its finding in the latest issue of the scientific journal Nature Genetics.
Nearly 6,000 predominantly young women are victims of systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE. The disease is partly genetic and causes damage to the skin and various organs. The genetic variant in the gene PDCD1 was identified in families with at least two persons suffering from the ailment. Genetic analyses have shown that the part where the gene PDCD1 is located in chromosome 2 is implicated in the disease.
The research team has determined the position of the gene with still greater precision and has sequenced the whole gene. They found several variants, but only one of them repeatedly turned up in the family members with the sickness. In order to make certain that the variant is associated with the ailment, the team studied nearly 2,500 individuals including families in the US. The variant is found in some of the patients and can explain one of the mechanisms behind the development of the disease. The genetic variant in the PDCD1 gene can modify the normal function and expression of the gene, but it is still unclear exactly how.
Jon Hogdal | alfa
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The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
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Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
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21.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy