Diet-related diseases account for a large portion of health-care costs in Switzerland, namely around CHF 20 billion per year. Even though many know full well what and how much they should eat, this knowledge is frequently ignored when choosing food. The National Research Programme "Healthy Nutrition and Sustainable Food Production" (NRP 69) explores new ways in which the Swiss population could be encouraged to adopt a healthier diet.
However, NRP 69 aspires not only to healthy, but also to environmentally-friendly food products. "This is the double challenge of the programme," says Fred Paccaud, Director of the Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine at the University Hospital in Lausanne and President of the Steering Committee of NRP 69. "We have to re-invent food production: less water and soil should be used to produce healthy and still affordable food."
How can we make dairy farms in Alpine regions more environmentally friendly? How does regional contract farming combine sustainability, solidarity and co-determination when connecting farmers and consumers? How can we prevent 40% of the Swiss potato harvest from being wasted each year?Removing barriers
The 21 research projects have been assigned a budget of CHF 11 million for the next five years. More detailed information about the projects and the organisation of NRP 69 can be found at www.nfp69.ch.
Mobile phone test can reveal vision problems in time
11.02.2016 | University of Gothenburg
Proteomics and precision medicine
08.02.2016 | University of Iowa Health Care
Today, plants and microorganisms are heavily used for the production of medicinal products. The production of biopharmaceuticals in plants, also referred to as “Molecular Pharming”, represents a continuously growing field of plant biotechnology. Preferred host organisms include yeast and crop plants, such as maize and potato – plants with high demands. With the help of a special algal strain, the research team of Prof. Ralph Bock at the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology in Potsdam strives to develop a more efficient and resource-saving system for the production of medicines and vaccines. They tested its practicality by synthesizing a component of a potential AIDS vaccine.
The use of plants and microorganisms to produce pharmaceuticals is nothing new. In 1982, bacteria were genetically modified to produce human insulin, a drug...
Atomic clock experts from the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) are the first research group in the world to have built an optical single-ion clock which attains an accuracy which had only been predicted theoretically so far. Their optical ytterbium clock achieved a relative systematic measurement uncertainty of 3 E-18. The results have been published in the current issue of the scientific journal "Physical Review Letters".
Atomic clock experts from the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) are the first research group in the world to have built an optical single-ion clock...
The University of Würzburg has two new space projects in the pipeline which are concerned with the observation of planets and autonomous fault correction aboard satellites. The German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy funds the projects with around 1.6 million euros.
Detecting tornadoes that sweep across Mars. Discovering meteors that fall to Earth. Investigating strange lightning that flashes from Earth's atmosphere into...
Physicists from Saarland University and the ESPCI in Paris have shown how liquids on solid surfaces can be made to slide over the surface a bit like a bobsleigh on ice. The key is to apply a coating at the boundary between the liquid and the surface that induces the liquid to slip. This results in an increase in the average flow velocity of the liquid and its throughput. This was demonstrated by studying the behaviour of droplets on surfaces with different coatings as they evolved into the equilibrium state. The results could prove useful in optimizing industrial processes, such as the extrusion of plastics.
The study has been published in the respected academic journal PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America).
Exceeding critical temperature limits in the Southern Ocean may cause the collapse of ice sheets and a sharp rise in sea levels
A future warming of the Southern Ocean caused by rising greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere may severely disrupt the stability of the West...
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11.02.2016 | Earth Sciences