Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Behavioral problems can be prevented with iron supplements for low birth weight infants

21.02.2012
By giving iron supplements during the first half year of life for babies born with low birth weights, the risk of behavioral problems in preschool years can be reduced by a quarter, writes Staffan Berglund in the dissertation he is defending at Umeå University in Sweden.

Low birth weight has long been known to be risk factor for behavioral problems like ADHD in children. The circumstances at birth, the immaturity of the brain, and social factors have been regarded as possible explanations.

The dissertation shows that iron deficiency during the first half-year of life can be a major cause. Low birth weight as such means that the child is born with smaller reserves of iron, which is a key building block in all cells in the body.

However, it has long been unclear whether the risk of iron deficiency also applies to healthy children with only moderately or marginally low birth weights.

The dissertation studies 285 otherwise healthy children with marginally low birth weight, between 2 000 and 2 500 g. The children were randomly selected to receive or not receive iron supplements during the first half-year of life.

The results showed that those who had been given placebo, compared with those who had received an actaul iron supplement, evinced a clearly higher risk of iron deficiency at the age of 6 months and moreover a four-times-higher risk for behavioral problems at the age of 3 years.

The researchers draw the conclusion that all children with a birth weight under 2 500 g should be offered iron supplements, regardless of whether the cause of their low birth weight was premature birth or poor fetal growth.

The study, which was conducted in Umeå and Stockholm, is directed by Associate Professor Magnus Domellöf in collaboration with researchers from the Karolinska Institutet.

Staffan Berglund is a licensed physician and a doctoral candidate at the Department of Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Section for Pediatrics. He can be reached at tel. +46-90 785 2370; +46-70-395 6767 or

staffan.berglund@pediatri.umu.se

Ingemar Björklund | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-52079
http://www.vr.se

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Biofilm discovery suggests new way to prevent dangerous infections
23.05.2017 | University of Texas at Austin

nachricht Another reason to exercise: Burning bone fat -- a key to better bone health
19.05.2017 | University of North Carolina Health Care

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Turmoil in sluggish electrons’ existence

An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.

We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...

Im Focus: Wafer-thin Magnetic Materials Developed for Future Quantum Technologies

Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.

Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...

Im Focus: World's thinnest hologram paves path to new 3-D world

Nano-hologram paves way for integration of 3-D holography into everyday electronics

An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...

Im Focus: Using graphene to create quantum bits

In the race to produce a quantum computer, a number of projects are seeking a way to create quantum bits -- or qubits -- that are stable, meaning they are not much affected by changes in their environment. This normally needs highly nonlinear non-dissipative elements capable of functioning at very low temperatures.

In pursuit of this goal, researchers at EPFL's Laboratory of Photonics and Quantum Measurements LPQM (STI/SB), have investigated a nonlinear graphene-based...

Im Focus: Bacteria harness the lotus effect to protect themselves

Biofilms: Researchers find the causes of water-repelling properties

Dental plaque and the viscous brown slime in drainpipes are two familiar examples of bacterial biofilms. Removing such bacterial depositions from surfaces is...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

AWK Aachen Machine Tool Colloquium 2017: Internet of Production for Agile Enterprises

23.05.2017 | Event News

Dortmund MST Conference presents Individualized Healthcare Solutions with micro and nanotechnology

22.05.2017 | Event News

Innovation 4.0: Shaping a humane fourth industrial revolution

17.05.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Scientists propose synestia, a new type of planetary object

23.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Zap! Graphene is bad news for bacteria

23.05.2017 | Life Sciences

Medical gamma-ray camera is now palm-sized

23.05.2017 | Medical Engineering

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>