Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Behavioral problems can be prevented with iron supplements for low birth weight infants

21.02.2012
By giving iron supplements during the first half year of life for babies born with low birth weights, the risk of behavioral problems in preschool years can be reduced by a quarter, writes Staffan Berglund in the dissertation he is defending at Umeå University in Sweden.

Low birth weight has long been known to be risk factor for behavioral problems like ADHD in children. The circumstances at birth, the immaturity of the brain, and social factors have been regarded as possible explanations.

The dissertation shows that iron deficiency during the first half-year of life can be a major cause. Low birth weight as such means that the child is born with smaller reserves of iron, which is a key building block in all cells in the body.

However, it has long been unclear whether the risk of iron deficiency also applies to healthy children with only moderately or marginally low birth weights.

The dissertation studies 285 otherwise healthy children with marginally low birth weight, between 2 000 and 2 500 g. The children were randomly selected to receive or not receive iron supplements during the first half-year of life.

The results showed that those who had been given placebo, compared with those who had received an actaul iron supplement, evinced a clearly higher risk of iron deficiency at the age of 6 months and moreover a four-times-higher risk for behavioral problems at the age of 3 years.

The researchers draw the conclusion that all children with a birth weight under 2 500 g should be offered iron supplements, regardless of whether the cause of their low birth weight was premature birth or poor fetal growth.

The study, which was conducted in Umeå and Stockholm, is directed by Associate Professor Magnus Domellöf in collaboration with researchers from the Karolinska Institutet.

Staffan Berglund is a licensed physician and a doctoral candidate at the Department of Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Section for Pediatrics. He can be reached at tel. +46-90 785 2370; +46-70-395 6767 or

staffan.berglund@pediatri.umu.se

Ingemar Björklund | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-52079
http://www.vr.se

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Observing the cell's protein factories during self-assembly
15.06.2018 | Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin

nachricht Scientists unravel molecular mechanisms of Parkinson's disease
13.06.2018 | The Francis Crick Institute

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: AchemAsia 2019 will take place in Shanghai

Moving into its fourth decade, AchemAsia is setting out for new horizons: The International Expo and Innovation Forum for Sustainable Chemical Production will take place from 21-23 May 2019 in Shanghai, China. With an updated event profile, the eleventh edition focusses on topics that are especially relevant for the Chinese process industry, putting a strong emphasis on sustainability and innovation.

Founded in 1989 as a spin-off of ACHEMA to cater to the needs of China’s then developing industry, AchemAsia has since grown into a platform where the latest...

Im Focus: First real-time test of Li-Fi utilization for the industrial Internet of Things

The BMBF-funded OWICELLS project was successfully completed with a final presentation at the BMW plant in Munich. The presentation demonstrated a Li-Fi communication with a mobile robot, while the robot carried out usual production processes (welding, moving and testing parts) in a 5x5m² production cell. The robust, optical wireless transmission is based on spatial diversity; in other words, data is sent and received simultaneously by several LEDs and several photodiodes. The system can transmit data at more than 100 Mbit/s and five milliseconds latency.

Modern production technologies in the automobile industry must become more flexible in order to fulfil individual customer requirements.

Im Focus: Sharp images with flexible fibers

An international team of scientists has discovered a new way to transfer image information through multimodal fibers with almost no distortion - even if the fiber is bent. The results of the study, to which scientist from the Leibniz-Institute of Photonic Technology Jena (Leibniz IPHT) contributed, were published on 6thJune in the highly-cited journal Physical Review Letters.

Endoscopes allow doctors to see into a patient’s body like through a keyhole. Typically, the images are transmitted via a bundle of several hundreds of optical...

Im Focus: Photoexcited graphene puzzle solved

A boost for graphene-based light detectors

Light detection and control lies at the heart of many modern device applications, such as smartphone cameras. Using graphene as a light-sensitive material for...

Im Focus: Water is not the same as water

Water molecules exist in two different forms with almost identical physical properties. For the first time, researchers have succeeded in separating the two forms to show that they can exhibit different chemical reactivities. These results were reported by researchers from the University of Basel and their colleagues in Hamburg in the scientific journal Nature Communications.

From a chemical perspective, water is a molecule in which a single oxygen atom is linked to two hydrogen atoms. It is less well known that water exists in two...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Munich conference on asteroid detection, tracking and defense

13.06.2018 | Event News

2nd International Baltic Earth Conference in Denmark: “The Baltic Sea region in Transition”

08.06.2018 | Event News

ISEKI_Food 2018: Conference with Holistic View of Food Production

05.06.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Novel method for investigating pore geometry in rocks

18.06.2018 | Earth Sciences

Diamond watch components

18.06.2018 | Process Engineering

New type of photosynthesis discovered

18.06.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>