Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Gene Inheritance Patterns Influence Age of Diagnosis in BRCA Families

13.12.2011
Women who inherit the cancer genes BRCA1 or BRCA2 from their paternal lineage may get a diagnosis a decade earlier than those women who carry the cancer genes from their mother and her ancestors, according to a new study by researchers at the North Shore-LIJ Health System's Monter Cancer Center in Lake Success, NY. The findings were reported on Thursday, Dec. 8, at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.

Iuliana Shapira, MD,director of cancer genetics, and her colleagues conducted a retrospective review of 130 breast or ovarian cancer patients with the BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations. They chose only those patients who knew the parent of origin. In other words, they could follow along their family tree to see where the breast cancer gene originated from. Some of their families had their own genetic tests done. For others, it was a matter of following the family pedigree.

As expected, a person had a 50-50 chance of getting a mutant BRCA gene from their mother or their father’s branch that carried the mutation. It is an autosomal dominant mutation. Looking at the family maps revealed some surprising findings. Contrary to the notion that the BRCA mutations are associated more commonly with Ashkenazi Jews, the scientists found that the BRCA mutations were also in families of Irish and Jamaican descent.

“No one had ever conducted a study to look at the parent-of-origin effects,” said Dr. Shapira. “Genetic diseases may display parent-of-origin effects. In such cases, the risk depends on the specific parent or origin allele. Cancer penetrance in mutations carriers may be determined by the parent origin of BRCA mutation.”

They analyzed 1,889 consecutive (136 ovarian + 1753 breast) breast (BrCa) or ovarian cancer (OvCa) patients presenting for treatment at the Monter Cancer Center between 2007 and 2010. In 130 patients with BRCA 1 or 2 mutations the parent of origin for the mutation was known. Of the 130 patients, two had both BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutated paternally inherited disease and were excluded from this analysis. Of the breast cancer patients: 28 patients had paternal and 29 had maternal BRCA1 mutations, 24 had paternal and 21 had maternal BRCA 2 mutations. Of the ovarian cancer patients, six had paternal and 10 had maternal BRCA1 mutations; seven had paternal and three had maternal BRCA2 mutations.

In carriers of BRCA mutations, the mean age at diagnosis for ovarian cancer was 51 (range 21-70) and for breast cancer was 43 (range 24-78). But when they compared the mean age at diagnosis in the maternal versus paternal inheritance, they were surprised to find that breast cancer patients with a BRCA1 maternal inheritance, the age of diagnosis was on average around 45. By comparison, women with BRCA1 paternal inheritance were diagnosed around 38. For breast cancer BRCA2 maternal inheritance, the average age of diagnosis was 50 compared to 41 years old for those with a BRCA2 paternal inheritance.

There was no significant difference between paternal and maternal age of ovarian cancer diagnosis of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations.“If this observation is duplicated in larger cohorts the results will have important implications for recommendation of surgical risk reduction in BRCA mutation carriers,” said Dr. Shapira. “That would mean that doctors might think about watching and waiting in young woman with BRCA mutations inherited from her mother’s family and being more aggressive in young women who inherited the mutation from their father’s side.”

Jamie Talan | Newswise Science News
Further information:
http://www.nshs.edu

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Closing in on advanced prostate cancer
13.12.2017 | Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona)

nachricht Visualizing single molecules in whole cells with a new spin
13.12.2017 | Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Long-lived storage of a photonic qubit for worldwide teleportation

MPQ scientists achieve long storage times for photonic quantum bits which break the lower bound for direct teleportation in a global quantum network.

Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor...

Im Focus: Electromagnetic water cloak eliminates drag and wake

Detailed calculations show water cloaks are feasible with today's technology

Researchers have developed a water cloaking concept based on electromagnetic forces that could eliminate an object's wake, greatly reducing its drag while...

Im Focus: Scientists channel graphene to understand filtration and ion transport into cells

Tiny pores at a cell's entryway act as miniature bouncers, letting in some electrically charged atoms--ions--but blocking others. Operating as exquisitely sensitive filters, these "ion channels" play a critical role in biological functions such as muscle contraction and the firing of brain cells.

To rapidly transport the right ions through the cell membrane, the tiny channels rely on a complex interplay between the ions and surrounding molecules,...

Im Focus: Towards data storage at the single molecule level

The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecule’s storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.

Over the past few years, the building blocks of storage media have gotten ever smaller. But further miniaturization of the current technology is hindered by...

Im Focus: Successful Mechanical Testing of Nanowires

With innovative experiments, researchers at the Helmholtz-Zentrums Geesthacht and the Technical University Hamburg unravel why tiny metallic structures are extremely strong

Light-weight and simultaneously strong – porous metallic nanomaterials promise interesting applications as, for instance, for future aeroplanes with enhanced...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

See, understand and experience the work of the future

11.12.2017 | Event News

Innovative strategies to tackle parasitic worms

08.12.2017 | Event News

AKL’18: The opportunities and challenges of digitalization in the laser industry

07.12.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

A whole-body approach to understanding chemosensory cells

13.12.2017 | Health and Medicine

Water without windows: Capturing water vapor inside an electron microscope

13.12.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Cellular Self-Digestion Process Triggers Autoimmune Disease

13.12.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>