Drawing on the expertise of the blind, a University of Toronto professor is “teaching” electronic devices how to navigate using surrounding sounds.
“The goal was to build a system that mimics the acoustic navigation abilities of blind people,” says Professor Parham Aarabi of the Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. He has developed a method by which a device fitted with as few as two microphones can combine the information from sounds around it to locate and orient itself, in the same way that an animal uses its two ears. This method achieves the same result as radar but is more adaptable to different technologies, he adds.
Eventually, the technology could be used in robotics or personal communication devices, such as cell phones or hand-held computers. For example, says Aarabi, cell phones that combine the signals from many microphones could filter out background noise and transmit only the clear voice of the cell phone user.
Nicolle Wahl | University of Toronto
21.08.2017 | Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau
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A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
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