Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Five Spanish universities develop a multidisciplinary e-participation project

25.03.2008
The Validation and Business Applications Group (VAI), based at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (FIUPM) and led by Jesús Cardeñosa, this week joined the multidisciplinary E-participation, Security and Knowledge Democratization project, together with another four Spanish universities.

The project is the result of six years of research in the fields of electronic government, e-democracy and e-cognocracy by the Zaragoza Multicriteria Decision Making Group, GDMZ, based at the Universidad de Zaragoza. A total of 29 professors from 12 different research groups and 10 areas of expertise are participating in the project led by Prof. José María Moreno Jiménez.

This research project has set up an experiment that aims to thoroughly examine the mechanisms referred to as electronic democracy, meaning Internet-mediated democracy and social networking and the social uses of information technologies.

Specifically, the project aims to implement an intelligent system that will be able to identify the opinions of university students from the remarks they make about Gran Scala being sited in Los Monegros, Aragon.

Gran Escala under the microscope

The experiment bears the same name as the private initiative promoted primarily by US casinos: Gran Scala. Through the experiment, the team of researchers aims to elicit the opinion of Multicriteria Decision and Operational Research students at the Universidad de Zaragoza’s School of Economics about the immense tourism project being sited in the district of Los Monegros.

Gran Scala will be the biggest ever European leisure complex. The figures are astronomical: 17,000 million euros in investment, and 1,000 million in State and 677 million in Aragon Regional Government revenues through taxation. Gran Scala is expected to receive 25 million visitors per year, create 65,000 direct and indirect jobs at its 70 hotels, 32 casinos, five theme parks, museums, golf courses and racetracks. The new space would be equivalent to a town with a population of 100,000.

Opinion over the Internet

To find out what students think about this project, the GMDZ set up a website, only accessible by administrators and the student sample selected to give their opinion. This is the basis of the experiment.

Through the website students can express their opinion about the pros and cons of the Gran Scala project, as well as vote on four fields: benefits (short-term benefits), costs (short-term negative effects), opportunities (long-term benefits) and risks (long-term negative effects).

The system uses the votes to build a group representation. Administrators will examine this representation to get a detailed picture of the mood of university students’ opinion about the Gran Scala project.

Intelligent system

As the FIUPM explains in a press release, VAI is participating in the experiment to develop an intelligent system that can be used to identify the arguments supporting the decisions made from student remarks. The elicitation and dissemination of such knowledge is one of the key aspects of the model of citizen representation known as e-cognocracy.

VAI will use text data mining techniques and domain analysis to analyse the remarks made, extract possible patterns and determine whether it is possible to establish opinion registers similar to the groups of votes from the earlier phase. Also it will ascertain whether the opinions match the votes placed.

Text mining is the “set of techniques aimed at detecting, identifying and, possibly, extracting implicit information from a collection of documents”. Domain analysis is a set of methodologies used to delineate the structure of relationships in a particular discipline. Both techniques are applied by experts.

The goal of the intelligent system that the VAI is to apply is to analyse opinions, detect any opinion groups and, provided enough matches have been extracted from the remarks analysis, verify whether they match the group of votes.

A trial application for electoral processes

If this application proves to be valid, the intelligent system could later compare opinions and votes placed earlier by students and determine the reasons that have led to a possible change of vote.

This is an extremely important experiment because it tests a potential electronic democracy application that could be extended to more important public matters. Linked to a voter analysis and behaviour model, the opinion checking and vote expression model, if successful, will be very useful for electoral processes.

Eduardo Martínez | alfa
Further information:
http://www.fi.upm.es/?pagina=621&idioma=english
http://gdmz.unizar.es/
http://www.vai.dia.fi.upm.es/ing/menu.htm

More articles from Information Technology:

nachricht Underwater acoustic localization of marine mammals and vehicles
23.11.2017 | IMDEA Networks Institute

nachricht NASA CubeSat to test miniaturized weather satellite technology
10.11.2017 | NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

All articles from Information Technology >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Frictional Heat Powers Hydrothermal Activity on Enceladus

Computer simulation shows how the icy moon heats water in a porous rock core

Heat from the friction of rocks caused by tidal forces could be the “engine” for the hydrothermal activity on Saturn's moon Enceladus. This presupposes that...

Im Focus: Nanoparticles help with malaria diagnosis – new rapid test in development

The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.

Malaria is caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite. The most dangerous form of malaria is malaria tropica. Left untreated, it is fatal in most cases....

Im Focus: A “cosmic snake” reveals the structure of remote galaxies

The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.

Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...

Im Focus: Visual intelligence is not the same as IQ

Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.

That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...

Im Focus: Novel Nano-CT device creates high-resolution 3D-X-rays of tiny velvet worm legs

Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.

During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Ecology Across Borders: International conference brings together 1,500 ecologists

15.11.2017 | Event News

Road into laboratory: Users discuss biaxial fatigue-testing for car and truck wheel

15.11.2017 | Event News

#Berlin5GWeek: The right network for Industry 4.0

30.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Underwater acoustic localization of marine mammals and vehicles

23.11.2017 | Information Technology

Enhancing the quantum sensing capabilities of diamond

23.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Meadows beat out shrubs when it comes to storing carbon

23.11.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>