Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Mistral: Final expansion stage of the high-performance computer at DKRZ starts operation


On June 28th, 2016, company Atos/Bull handed over the second expansion stage of supercomputer Mistral to the German Climate Computing Center (DKRZ) in Hamburg. Since July 4th, 2016, the third „High-performance computing system for Earth system research“ (HLRE-3), with a peak performance of approximately 3.5 quadrillion numerical operations per second, has been available to the climate research community.

On the TOP500 list of the most powerful supercomputers, which was published during the International Supercomputing Conference (ISC’16), the final expansion stage of Mistral at DKRZ occupied position no. 33 worldwide. At present, Mistral is the 5th most powerful high-performance computer in Germany.

On July 4th, 2016, the final expansion stage of the high-performance computing system Mistral has started its operation at the German Climate Computing Center (DKRZ) in Hamburg.

M. Böttinger/DKRZ

Since 1993 the performance of the world’s Top500 computers, including those of DKRZ, has risen by a factor of about a 1,000,000. Mistral is at rank 33 on the Top500 list (June 2016).


Roughly 3,000 compute nodes of type bullx DLC 720, provided by Atos/Bull, having a total number of more than 100,000 processor cores on the basis of Intel processors of types Xeon E5-2680v3 12C with a clock rate of 2.5 Gigahertz (Haswell) and E5-2695V4 18C with a clock rate of 2.1 Gigahertz (Broadwell) provide the computing capacity.

This is the largest high-performance computing system by company Atos/Bull on the TOP500 list. Due to the warm-water cooling system, which cools the CPU and main memory, Mistral is very energy-efficient: despite a 20-fold increase in performance compared to its predecessor, HLRE-II “Blizzard”, Mistral consumes slightly less electrical power.

In order to meet the very data-intensive requirements of climate modelers, the system stands out from most other high-performance computers by having an especially large and powerful parallel file system. Mistral’s parallel file system by company Seagate has a capacity of 54 petabytes and occupies position no. 2 on the list, which compares the largest file systems worldwide. The peak transfer rate of the Lustre-based file system is 450 Gigabytes/s. This is the data volume of approximately 100 full-length movies per second!

The entire system consists of about 80 telephone booth-sized cabinets, most of them weighing more than a ton, and being interconnected by bundles of fiber and high-performance network components by Mellanox.

Using Mistral, climate researchers are able to perform climate simulations at a higher resolution, to include additional processes in earth system models, or to reduce uncertainties in climate projections.
Computations are currently being planned for the extensive international model intercomparison project CMIP6 (Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6), thereby, for the German contribution to the next IPCC Report.

Another project examines the formation of clouds and precipitation in greater detail: Mistral enables scientists to perform high-resolution regional simulations at a grid resolution of only 100 meters all of Germany for the first time, ever. This facilitates the explicit computation of small-scale processes such as cloud formation and precipitation, which must be parameterized in coarser models.

Weitere Informationen: - TOP500 list - TOP500 list - List of the top storage systems

Michael Böttinger / Jana Meyer | idw - Informationsdienst Wissenschaft

More articles from Information Technology:

nachricht Next Generation Cryptography
20.03.2018 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Sichere Informationstechnologie SIT

nachricht TIB’s Visual Analytics Research Group to develop methods for person detection and visualisation
19.03.2018 | Technische Informationsbibliothek (TIB)

All articles from Information Technology >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Space observation with radar to secure Germany's space infrastructure

Satellites in near-Earth orbit are at risk due to the steady increase in space debris. But their mission in the areas of telecommunications, navigation or weather forecasts is essential for society. Fraunhofer FHR therefore develops radar-based systems which allow the detection, tracking and cataloging of even the smallest particles of debris. Satellite operators who have access to our data are in a better position to plan evasive maneuvers and prevent destructive collisions. From April, 25-29 2018, Fraunhofer FHR and its partners will exhibit the complementary radar systems TIRA and GESTRA as well as the latest radar techniques for space observation across three stands at the ILA Berlin.

The "traffic situation" in space is very tense: the Earth is currently being orbited not only by countless satellites but also by a large volume of space...

Im Focus: Researchers Discover New Anti-Cancer Protein

An international team of researchers has discovered a new anti-cancer protein. The protein, called LHPP, prevents the uncontrolled proliferation of cancer cells in the liver. The researchers led by Prof. Michael N. Hall from the Biozentrum, University of Basel, report in “Nature” that LHPP can also serve as a biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of liver cancer.

The incidence of liver cancer, also known as hepatocellular carcinoma, is steadily increasing. In the last twenty years, the number of cases has almost doubled...

Im Focus: Researchers at Fraunhofer monitor re-entry of Chinese space station Tiangong-1

In just a few weeks from now, the Chinese space station Tiangong-1 will re-enter the Earth's atmosphere where it will to a large extent burn up. It is possible that some debris will reach the Earth's surface. Tiangong-1 is orbiting the Earth uncontrolled at a speed of approx. 29,000 km/h.Currently the prognosis relating to the time of impact currently lies within a window of several days. The scientists at Fraunhofer FHR have already been monitoring Tiangong-1 for a number of weeks with their TIRA system, one of the most powerful space observation radars in the world, with a view to supporting the German Space Situational Awareness Center and the ESA with their re-entry forecasts.

Following the loss of radio contact with Tiangong-1 in 2016 and due to the low orbital height, it is now inevitable that the Chinese space station will...

Im Focus: Alliance „OLED Licht Forum“ – Key partner for OLED lighting solutions

Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP, provider of research and development services for OLED lighting solutions, announces the founding of the “OLED Licht Forum” and presents latest OLED design and lighting solutions during light+building, from March 18th – 23rd, 2018 in Frankfurt a.M./Germany, at booth no. F91 in Hall 4.0.

They are united in their passion for OLED (organic light emitting diodes) lighting with all of its unique facets and application possibilities. Thus experts in...

Im Focus: Mars' oceans formed early, possibly aided by massive volcanic eruptions

Oceans formed before Tharsis and evolved together, shaping climate history of Mars

A new scenario seeking to explain how Mars' putative oceans came and went over the last 4 billion years implies that the oceans formed several hundred million...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Industry & Economy
Event News

New solar solutions for sustainable buildings and cities

23.03.2018 | Event News

Virtual reality conference comes to Reutlingen

19.03.2018 | Event News

Ultrafast Wireless and Chip Design at the DATE Conference in Dresden

16.03.2018 | Event News

Latest News

For graphite pellets, just add elbow grease

23.03.2018 | Materials Sciences

Unique communication strategy discovered in stem cell pathway controlling plant growth

23.03.2018 | Agricultural and Forestry Science

Sharpening the X-ray view of the nanocosm

23.03.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>