The UK should use its presidency of the G8 and EU to move forward international action to analyse future risks due to climate change and develop and implement evidence-based adaptation strategies for coping with the immediate impacts of climate change, the British Ecological Society has urged. Giving evidence to the House of Commons Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee on Wednesday 8 December 2004, Professor Alastair Fitter of York University and president of the British Ecological Society told the committee: “The current rate of anthropogenic climate change is exceptional and will have numerous impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems, interacting with other anthropogenic changes such as invasive species, habitat fragmentation, and nitrogen deposition to create synergistic effects.”
According to Professor Fitter, ecologists are already detecting the effects of climate change. “Between 1972 and 1999, British bird species extended their breeding ranges north by an average of 18.9 km in response to increasing mean annual temperatures at the northern end of their distribution. Hawthorn and hornbeam are coming into leaf earlier, and most spring-flowering plant species are flowering earlier – typically by around two weeks compared to pre-1990 means,” Professor Fitter explained.
Professor Fitter stressed that adaptation strategies must be based on the best available scientific evidence, and that to be successful their implementation will require much closer dialogue between scientists and policy makers. “New research is urgently needed on the impact of climate change on ecological systems, especially in relation to synergies with other threats to biodiversity, such as invasive species and habitat fragmentation, and to the integration of the natural and social science approaches to climate change impacts. A close dialogue needs to be developed between scientists and policy makers with regards to impacts and adaptation strategies.
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Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...
Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...
For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.
While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...
An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...
A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
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