Most wild species experience considerable variation in habitat quality. Ecological theory that considers how organisms disperse between good and bad habitats has shown that such spatial structure can strongly influence population dynamics, but real-world implications have rarely been found. In this study, researchers from the University of California Santa Cruz show that the spatial structure of Peregrine Falcons in California has profoundly influenced the management and recovery of this species.
California peregrines suffered a dramatic population crash in the 1950s due to DDT-induced eggshell thinning, and this regional population has been highly managed by the introduction of over 800 young birds. Observations of banded birds showed that dispersal rates between three subpopulations--interior, coastal, and urban--were asymmetric, with essentially no dispersal out of the interior subpopulation and a strong tendency for coastal peregrines to disperse to the urban habitats. By fitting regional population models to the observed recovery of breeding pairs in each habitat, this study also characterized the demographic performance of peregrines within each subpopulation.
The spatial structure revealed by this study suggests that the highly productive interior subpopulation would have recovered largely on its own, without the reintroduced birds, while the coastal subpopulation would have been very slow to recover without the reintroduction effort. This study makes clear that understanding spatial structure can be critical for the effective conservation and management of animal populations.
Tricia Morse | EurekAlert!
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University of Maryland researchers contribute to historic detection of gravitational waves and light created by event
On August 17, 2017, at 12:41:04 UTC, scientists made the first direct observation of a merger between two neutron stars--the dense, collapsed cores that remain...
Seven new papers describe the first-ever detection of light from a gravitational wave source. The event, caused by two neutron stars colliding and merging together, was dubbed GW170817 because it sent ripples through space-time that reached Earth on 2017 August 17. Around the world, hundreds of excited astronomers mobilized quickly and were able to observe the event using numerous telescopes, providing a wealth of new data.
Previous detections of gravitational waves have all involved the merger of two black holes, a feat that won the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics earlier this month....
Material defects in end products can quickly result in failures in many areas of industry, and have a massive impact on the safe use of their products. This is why, in the field of quality assurance, intelligent, nondestructive sensor systems play a key role. They allow testing components and parts in a rapid and cost-efficient manner without destroying the actual product or changing its surface. Experts from the Fraunhofer IZFP in Saarbrücken will be presenting two exhibits at the Blechexpo in Stuttgart from 7–10 November 2017 that allow fast, reliable, and automated characterization of materials and detection of defects (Hall 5, Booth 5306).
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Using a new cooling technique MPQ scientists succeed at observing collisions in a dense beam of cold and slow dipolar molecules.
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Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, using high precision laser spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen, confirm the surprisingly small value of the proton radius determined from muonic hydrogen.
It was one of the breakthroughs of the year 2010: Laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen resulted in a value for the proton charge radius that was significantly...
17.10.2017 | Event News
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10.10.2017 | Event News
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20.10.2017 | Interdisciplinary Research