The two new research centres receiving funding are:
The Centre for Population Change will be directed by Professor Jane Falkingham and based at the Universities of Southampton and St Andrews thus facilitating a strong UK wide focus to its work. The centre will receive in the region of £5million over five years, in the first instance. It will explore the issues surrounding migration, fertility and ageing including the implications for society of migration both within and beyond national borders
Directed by Professor Judith Rees, at the London School of Economics and Political Science, the Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy will receive in the region £4.5million over five years in the first instance. This funding follows last year’s announcement that the ESRC would urgently increase its support for work in this area. At the core of the centre’s work is to provide both government and business with evidence that will support their decision-making processes and improve policy-making on one of the most critical issues facing the world today.
Funding in the region of £3.5million over the next five years has also been agreed for the Research Centre on Micro Social Change (MiSoC), directed by Professor Stephen Pudney, at the University of Essex. This research focuses on developing an understanding of people’s everyday lives and social change, including family and social ties; working lives inequalities and opportunities as well as advances in research methods
Funding for new work within the RCUK research priority areas of energy, living with environmental change and security and global uncertainties has also been agreed. In addition, £2.5 million is being committed to increase international collaboration with India, China, Brazil and the United States of America and to participate in a pan-European research programme on migration involving 13 different countries.
The Council has also agreed to a modest increase in resources to extend its programme of work focused on evaluating the economic impact of social science research. This is central to the commitment shared by all of the Research Councils to ensure that maximum benefit and impact is achieved from the public's investment in the science and research base.
The 2008-09 competition for new research centres will focus on the Key Challenge of “Succeeding in the Global Economy”. The formal call for proposals will be issued in late March 2008.
Successful calculation of human and natural influence on cloud formation
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A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water
In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...
The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...
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