Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

First Five Months of 2010 Second Warmest on Record

24.06.2010
Global Temperature Report: May 2010

First five months of 2010 second warmest on record

Global climate trend since Nov. 16, 1978: +0.14 C per decade

May temperatures (preliminary)

Global composite temp.: +0.53 C (about 0.95 degrees Fahrenheit) above
20-year average for May.
Northern Hemisphere: +0.78 C (about 1.40 degrees Fahrenheit) above 20-year
average for May.
Southern Hemisphere: +0.29 C (about 0.52 degrees Fahrenheit) above 20-year
average for April.
Tropics: +0.71 C (about 1.28 degrees Fahrenheit) above 20-year average for
May.
April temperatures (revised):
Global Composite: +0.50 C above 20-year average
Northern Hemisphere: +0.80 C above 20-year average
Southern Hemisphere: +0.20 C above 20-year average
Tropics: +63 C above 20-year average
(All temperature anomalies are based on a 20-year average (1979-1998) for
the month reported.)
Notes on data released June 7, 2010:
In the race to become the warmest year in the satellite temperature record, 2010 is running a close second to 1998 but might begin to falter as the El Ninåo Pacific Ocean warming event continues to fade, according to Dr. John Christy, professor of atmospheric science and director of the Earth System Science Center at The University of Alabama in Huntsville.

Through the first 151 days of the year (Jan. 1 through May 31), 2010 has averaged 0.59 C warmer than season norms. Global average temperatures through the first five months of 1998 were 0.65 C warmer than normal.

The chance that 2010 will set a record drops as the El Nino warming event fades and the Central Pacific Ocean cools. NOAA has issued a "watch" for a La Nina Pacific Ocean cooling event.

For the third time in the past four months a new high temperature has been set for the Arctic. Temperatures in the Arctic -- latitude 60 N (about even with Helsinki and the southern tip of Greenland) to the North Pole -- were a full two and a half degrees Celsius (about 4.5 degrees Fahrenheit) warmer than seasonal norms for that region.

May 2010 set records as the warmest May in the 32-year satellite temperature record for both the Northern Hemisphere (+0.78 C) and the northern temperate zone, also +0.78 C.

Compared to the other 31 Mays in the record, May 2010 was the second warmest May globally (+0.53 C), and in the tropics (+0.81 C); fourth warmest May in the Southern Hemisphere (+0.29 C); and seventh coolest May in both the Southern Polar region (-0.86 C) and the continental U.S., where the average temperature was 0.47 C cooler than seasonal norms.

January through May Comparison
Average Global Anomaly (Celsius)
1998 2010
NH +0.76 +0.80
SH +0.55 +0.37
TR +1.07 +0.71
Global Temperature Anomalies
Year Mo
1. 1998 4 +0.76
2. 1998 2 +0.76
3. 2010* 3 +0.66
4. 1998 5 +0.65
5. 2010* 1 +0.64
6. 2010* 2 +0.61
7. 1998 1 +0.58
8. 1998 6 +0.57
9.*2010* 5 +0.54
10. 1998 3 +0.53
11. 1998 7 +0.52
12. 1998 8 +0.52
13. 2007 1 +0.51
14. 2010* 4 +0.5
15. 2009 9 +0.5
16. 2009 11 +0.5
17. 2005 10 +0.47
18. 2005 4 +0.46
19. 2003 12 +0.45
20. 1998 9 +0.45
Temperature Anomalies
in the Tropics
Year Mo
1. 1998 2 +1.3
2. 1998 1 +1.09
3. 1998 4 +1.06
4. 1998 3 +1.05
5. 1998 5 +0.89
6. 2010* 2 +0.81
7. 2010* 3 +0.73
8. 1997 12 +0.73
9.*2010* 5 +0.72
10. 2010* 1 +0.66
11. 2010* 4 +0.65
12. 1987 12 +0.62
Arctic Temperature Anomalies
Year Mo
1.*2010 5 +2.51
2. 2010* 4 +2.45
3. 2010* 2 +2.3
4. 2007 4 +2.27
5. 1995 4 +2.26
6. 2006 2 +2.24
7. 2009 12 +2.09
8. 2005 12 +2.06
9. 1996 11 +2.01
10. 2001 12 +1.94
11. 2003 10 +1.83
12. 2005 4 +1.81
13. 2005 11 +1.8
14. 2010* 1 +1.79
15. 2002 10 +1.73
16. 1981 1 +1.72
17. 2005 5 +1.72
18. 2010* 3 +1.72
19. 1980 2 +1.72
20. 2002 11 +1.72
As part of an ongoing joint project between UAHuntsville, NOAA and NASA, Christy and Dr. Roy Spencer, a principal research scientist in the ESSC, use data gathered by advanced microwave sounding units on NOAA and NASA satellites to get accurate temperature readings for almost all regions of the Earth. This includes remote desert, ocean and rain forest areas where reliable climate data are not otherwise available.

The satellite-based instruments measure the temperature of the atmosphere from the surface up to an altitude of about eight kilometers above sea level. Once the monthly temperature data is collected and processed, it is placed in a "public" computer file for immediate access by atmospheric scientists in the U.S. and abroad.

Neither Christy nor Spencer receives any research support or funding from oil, coal or industrial companies or organizations, or from any private or special interest groups.

Phillip Gentry | Newswise Science News
Further information:
http://www.uah.edu

Further reports about: Earth's magnetic field Fahrenheit Hemisphere NASA NOAA Pacific Ocean seasonal norms

More articles from Earth Sciences:

nachricht Colorado River's connection with the ocean was a punctuated affair
16.11.2017 | University of Oregon

nachricht Researchers create largest, longest multiphysics earthquake simulation to date
14.11.2017 | Gauss Centre for Supercomputing

All articles from Earth Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: A “cosmic snake” reveals the structure of remote galaxies

The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.

Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...

Im Focus: Visual intelligence is not the same as IQ

Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.

That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...

Im Focus: Novel Nano-CT device creates high-resolution 3D-X-rays of tiny velvet worm legs

Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.

During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....

Im Focus: Researchers Develop Data Bus for Quantum Computer

The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.

Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...

Im Focus: Wrinkles give heat a jolt in pillared graphene

Rice University researchers test 3-D carbon nanostructures' thermal transport abilities

Pillared graphene would transfer heat better if the theoretical material had a few asymmetric junctions that caused wrinkles, according to Rice University...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Ecology Across Borders: International conference brings together 1,500 ecologists

15.11.2017 | Event News

Road into laboratory: Users discuss biaxial fatigue-testing for car and truck wheel

15.11.2017 | Event News

#Berlin5GWeek: The right network for Industry 4.0

30.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

NASA detects solar flare pulses at Sun and Earth

17.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

NIST scientists discover how to switch liver cancer cell growth from 2-D to 3-D structures

17.11.2017 | Health and Medicine

The importance of biodiversity in forests could increase due to climate change

17.11.2017 | Studies and Analyses

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>