The project Eurofleets (European fleets) funded by the European Commission in the 7th Framework program was recently launched with a meeting of about 100 scientists and fleet operators in Paris.
24 partners from 16 member states of the European Union or associated countries participated to further advance the networking of the European research fleets. The European Commission finances Eurofleets during the coming four years with 7.2 million Euros.
The project is coordinated by the French research institute Ifremer. The Alfred Wegner Institute for Polar and Marine Research in the Helmholtz Association coordinates a subproject which is meant to enable researchers to gain unique and simplified access to a place on a European research vessel.
Despite the development of satellites and autonomous buoys, oceanographic vessels and underwater vehicles remain essential means to acquire scientific data essential for the progress of ocean knowledge. These infrastructures represent 40 to 50 % of the cost of research in marine sciences. Eurofleet's 24 project partners develop, among other things, a mutual strategy for future investment needs, guidelines for environmentally friendly research and better interoperability of the infrastructure.
The Alfred Wegener Institute leads a work package in which uniform application and evaluation procedures enabling European researchers to work on various research vessels will be developed. It is mainly directed at researchers from nations without own research vessels and at junior researchers. "We will use our long-standing experience in the evaluation of national and international applications for ship time, for example from the Senate Commission of the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the research vessel Polarstern which we are operating for more than 25 years," explains Prof. Dr. Karin Lochte, director of the Alfred Wegener Institute.
The Alfred Wegener Institute furthermore provides own ship time in the framework of Eurofleets. Ship time is offered for Polarstern on its journey through the Atlantic into Antarctica or from Antarctica to Bremerhaven and also on RV Heincke, which is operating in the North Sea and the Northeast Atlantic. The expedition members on board of the German research vessels benefit from the direct collaboration and bring in their own specialist knowledge. This way, the project Eurofleets is meant to have a positive effect on the knowledge transfer between different research groups and on future collaborations.
The Alfred Wegener Institute carries out research in the Arctic and Antarctic as well as in the high and mid latitude oceans. The institute coordinates German polar research and provides international science with important infrastructure, e.g. the research icebreaker Polarstern and research stations in the Arctic and Antarctic. The Alfred Wegener Institute is one of 16 research centres within the Helmholtz Association, Germany's largest scientific organization.
Margarete Pauls | idw
In times of climate change: What a lake’s colour can tell about its condition
21.09.2017 | Leibniz-Institut für Gewässerökologie und Binnenfischerei (IGB)
Did marine sponges trigger the ‘Cambrian explosion’ through ‘ecosystem engineering’?
21.09.2017 | Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam - Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
19.09.2017 | Event News
12.09.2017 | Event News
06.09.2017 | Event News
22.09.2017 | Life Sciences
22.09.2017 | Medical Engineering
22.09.2017 | Physics and Astronomy