Considered the power generators of the cell, mitochondria convert oxygen and nutrients into chemical energy for the cell that fuels metabolic activities.
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been associated with many diseases, including Alzheimer's, cancer and diabetes, although its exact role in the development of these diseases remains controversial.
The new T-R01 program was specifically created under the NIH Roadmap for Medical Research to support exceptionally innovative, high risk, original or unconventional research projects that have the potential to transform a field of science. The selected projects tend to be inherently risky, but if successful, can profoundly impact a broad area of biomedical research.
Cohen’s bold proposal will test the paradigm-shifting hypothesis that previously unrecognized molecules, he dubbed “mitochondrial-derived peptides” (MDPs), play an earlier unappreciated role in the regulation of cellular and organismal function, and that disregulation of MDPs is important in disease development.
Likewise, understanding the role of MDPs may lead to development of new therapeutic and diagnostic targets. Since Alzheimer’s, cancer and diabetes particularly affect the elderly, these findings could have a significant impact as the world’s aging population continues to grow. The first of these agents, which Cohen named “small humanin-like peptides,” have already demonstrated promise in animal models of diabetes and cancer.
Cohen was one of only 42 researchers nationwide chosen for the T-R01 award. He also serves as chief of endocrinology at the Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA, as well as co-director of the UCSD/UCLA Diabetes and Endocrinology Research Center.
For more information on Cohen, research plans please visit http://nihroadmap.nih.gov/T-R01/Recipients09.asp
Tracking down the origins of gold
08.11.2017 | Heidelberger Institut für Theoretische Studien gGmbH
Lasagni awarded with Materials Science and Technology Prize 2017
09.10.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Werkstoff- und Strahltechnik IWS
The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...
Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....
The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...
Pillared graphene would transfer heat better if the theoretical material had a few asymmetric junctions that caused wrinkles, according to Rice University...
15.11.2017 | Event News
15.11.2017 | Event News
30.10.2017 | Event News
17.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
17.11.2017 | Health and Medicine
17.11.2017 | Studies and Analyses