Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

10 HU young researchers awarded European Union research grants worth more than 12 million euros

08.11.2010
Ten young researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have been awarded competitive research grants by the European Research Council (ERC), totaling more than 12 million euros. The achievement places the Hebrew University first in Israel in the number of grants awarded to its researchers this year from the ERC.

The ERC research grants have been awarded since 2007 to researchers who have excelled in their achievements and are embarking on independent research. The winners are chosen among thousands of researchers who present proposals from across Europe for outstanding, ground-breaking research and demonstration of real potential for conducting an independent, continuing career in their field of research. This year, 400 grants were awarded, 6 percent of them (25) awarded to Israeli researchers.

The achievement places the Hebrew University third in Europe in the number of grants its young researchers received in the last three years (total of 20 grants) from the ERC. In Europe, the largest number of grants awarded since 2007 is to researchers at Cambridge University (25 grants) and to researchers at Oxford University (23 grants).

The ten Hebrew University researchers are:

Prof. Orit Kedar of the department of political science is examining how democracies are partitioned along and across community lines into electoral districts of various sizes. Her project analyzes the effect of alternative partitions into districts on representation and party systems.

The project of Dr. Alex Binshtok of the department of medical neurobiology aims to integrate analysis at different levels of pain perception in normal and pathological conditions in order to elucidate mechanisms underlying chronic pain. He hopes that his research will elucidate new potential targets for the treatment of inflammatory and neuropathic pain and the development of new pain-specific anesthetic drugs.

Prof. Nathalie Balaban of the Racah Institute for Physics proposes a new biological physics approach for understanding the evolution of antibiotic resistance. Her goal is to reach a quantitative and predictive understanding of how antibiotic resistance evolves in bacterial populations.

The project of Dr. Sebastian Kadener of the department of biological chemistry is about the biological clock and the way our body keeps time. He plans on using fruit flies to understand how a specific neuronal network organizes the information about time it receives from individual neurons, and how the neuronal network uses this information in order to generate a strong and coherent behavioral output (sleep-wake cycles).

The project of Dr. Alexander Kulik of the department of Central and Eastern European cultures on Jews and Slavs in the Middle Ages aims to reconstruct the Jewish and Slavic legacies, by focusing on previously unexplored or under-explored medieval texts, to build a model of cross-cultural interaction to achieve a better understanding of the situations in which different faith-based ethnic cultures cohabit.

Dr. Pawel Maciejko of the department of Jewish thought discusses the Jewish-Christian interchange in early modern East-Central Europe in light of an analysis of Jewish theological elaborations of conversion to Christianity. By attempting to reconstruct the theological conceptualizations of conversions (and not – as did other scholars – biographies of the converts), his project challenges the prevailing scholarly paradigm of the existence of clear and impenetrable boundaries between Judaism and Christianity.

The research of Dr. Roie Yerushalmi of the Institute of Chemistry and the Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology focuses on the synthesis and assembly of nanostructures and understanding of unique reactivity characteristics related to the nanoscale. His ERC funded research will focus on the design and study of nanometric structures that combine inorganic and organic parts for harvesting light energy.

Dr. Ilan Kremer from the school of business administration is focusing on the information flow and its impact on financial markets. The objective is to contribute to bridging the gap between information economics, accounting, and asset-pricing. For example, during the recent crisis, investors were unaware of the risk undertaken by banks. The way this information was revealed greatly influenced the way the crisis developed. In many cases, the information was disclosed when it was almost too late to act. Therefore, Kremer plans to develop dynamic models in which privately informed firms decide on how and when to communicate. The models would incorporate several firms such that each firm must take into account market conditions and information revealed by the other firms. The second objective is to derive a rich set of testable asset-pricing implications that can be empirically tested.

Perhaps the major approach to identifying cyber attacks and malware (such as viruses and spam) in the network is to compare the content of the traffic with a set of strings (or signatures) that is typical to these programs. This comparison must be performed at a very high rate. The research of Dr. David Hay of the Rachel and Selim Benin School of Computer Science and Engineering will develop efficient algorithms for performing this task and to cope with the continuously increasing Internet demands and number of signatures. He intends to provide hybrid hardware and software schemes that will use recent advances in hardware.

The research of Prof. Yuval Dor focuses on the mechanisms that control the replication of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. Based on a novel technology developed in Prof. Dor's lab, rare replicating pancreatic beta cells can be isolated and studied in detail. The long-term goal of this research is to understand in sufficient detail the determinants of beta cell replication, so as to develop new drugs that will increase the number of beta cells in diabetes patients, which has the potential to cure diabetes.

For further information:

Rebecca Zeffert, Dept. of Media Relations, the Hebrew University,
02-588 2811, 054 882 0661.
Orit Sulitzeanu, Hebrew University spokesperson, Tel: 054-8820016.
Rebecca Zeffert
Foreign Press Liaison
Dept. of Media Relations
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Tel: +972 (0)2 588 1641
Cell: +972 (0)54 882 0661
Fax: +972 (0)2 588 0058
rebeccaz@savion.huji.ac.il

Rebecca Zeffert | Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Further information:
http://www.huji.ac.il
http://www.huji.ac.il/cgi-bin/dovrut/dovrut_search_eng.pl?about

More articles from Awards Funding:

nachricht CRTD receives 1.56 Mill. Euro BMBF-funding for retinal disease research
24.05.2017 | DFG-Forschungszentrum für Regenerative Therapien TU Dresden

nachricht BMBF funds translational project to improve radiotherapy
10.05.2017 | Helmholtz Zentrum München - Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Gesundheit und Umwelt

All articles from Awards Funding >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Can the immune system be boosted against Staphylococcus aureus by delivery of messenger RNA?

Staphylococcus aureus is a feared pathogen (MRSA, multi-resistant S. aureus) due to frequent resistances against many antibiotics, especially in hospital infections. Researchers at the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut have identified immunological processes that prevent a successful immune response directed against the pathogenic agent. The delivery of bacterial proteins with RNA adjuvant or messenger RNA (mRNA) into immune cells allows the re-direction of the immune response towards an active defense against S. aureus. This could be of significant importance for the development of an effective vaccine. PLOS Pathogens has published these research results online on 25 May 2017.

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a bacterium that colonizes by far more than half of the skin and the mucosa of adults, usually without causing infections....

Im Focus: A quantum walk of photons

Physicists from the University of Würzburg are capable of generating identical looking single light particles at the push of a button. Two new studies now demonstrate the potential this method holds.

The quantum computer has fuelled the imagination of scientists for decades: It is based on fundamentally different phenomena than a conventional computer....

Im Focus: Turmoil in sluggish electrons’ existence

An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.

We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...

Im Focus: Wafer-thin Magnetic Materials Developed for Future Quantum Technologies

Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.

Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...

Im Focus: World's thinnest hologram paves path to new 3-D world

Nano-hologram paves way for integration of 3-D holography into everyday electronics

An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Marine Conservation: IASS Contributes to UN Ocean Conference in New York on 5-9 June

24.05.2017 | Event News

AWK Aachen Machine Tool Colloquium 2017: Internet of Production for Agile Enterprises

23.05.2017 | Event News

Dortmund MST Conference presents Individualized Healthcare Solutions with micro and nanotechnology

22.05.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

How herpesviruses win the footrace against the immune system

26.05.2017 | Life Sciences

Water forms 'spine of hydration' around DNA, group finds

26.05.2017 | Life Sciences

First Juno science results supported by University of Leicester's Jupiter 'forecast'

26.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>