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A more realistic assessment of the heat requirement of buildings

To optimise operations, integrate weather data in heating control systems

In spring and autumn in particular, there are many short periods of fluctuating temperatures caused by alternating warm and cold days. Inside a building, the effect of such temperature fluctuations is felt with a significant time lag. Quite often, enough heat is stored in building components and fixtures for a while; there is still plenty of waste heat or solar energy influx.

Researchers have developed a new concept for a heating control system with integrated weather data, which is currently being tested in three administrative buildings. The BINE Projektinfo brochure “When weather forecasts control the heating” (14/2011) introduces the system, the demonstration buildings and initial results.

Heat generated by the heating system should be more closely based on actual requirement. Until now, heating control systems have been based on specific time frames and rigid heating characteristic curves together with external temperature sensors. The new control concept combines a thermodynamic computer model with local weather forecast data. The computer model takes information into account concerned with the type of use, building physics, ventilation behaviour and the occupants’ desired temperature. These data are combined with data from the nearest weather station, and every six hours the supply temperature of the heating system is determined for the next three days through simulation and then automatically transmitted to the control module. Practical trials are currently underway in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, in the buildings of Landesbetrieb Straßenbau NRW in Gelsenkirchen, the NRW Ministry of Construction and Transport in Düsseldorf and the new Inland Revenue centre in Aachen.

Initial results confirm that the new system delivers greater convenience and saves energy. The control system is currently being developed further to meet the needs of small and large residential buildings.

Press contact
Uwe Milles
About BINE Information Service
Energy research for practical applications
The BINE Information Service reports on energy research topics, such as new materials, systems and components, as well as innovative concepts and methods. The knowledge gained is incorporated into the implementation of new technologies in practice, because first-rate information provides a basis for pioneering decisions, whether in the planning of energy-optimised buildings, increasing the efficiency of industrial processes, or integrating renewable energy sources into existing systems.

About FIZ Karlsruhe

FIZ Karlsruhe – Leibniz Institute for Information Infrastructure is a not-for-profit organization with the public mission to make sci-tech information from all over the world publicly available and to provide related services in order to support the national and international transfer of knowledge and the promotion of innovation.

Our business areas:
• STN International – the world’s leading online service for research and patent information in science and technology
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FIZ Karlsruhe is a member of the Leibniz Association (WGL) which consists of 87 German research and infrastructure institutions.

Rüdiger Mack | idw
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