Polyphenols help control free radical formation in humans and slow cell ageing. First and foremost, they are found in fruit and vegetables, but also in processed goods such as chocolate, tea or wine. Humans consume around a gramme of polyphenols a day, which is more than ten times the figure for vitamin C.
Strawberries, lychees and grapes are the fruits with the highest polyphenol content, but vegetables are not far behind, particularly artichokes, parsley and brussels sprouts. Moreover, total consumption also plays a role. As Pierre Brat* points out: "If we look at total polyphenol content in apples, they rank fifth compared to other fruits, but the extent of their consumption places them first!". Likewise, in terms of vegetables, potatoes rank just 19th, but their massive consumption means that they account for almost 60% of the polyphenols obtained from vegetables.
This prompted CIRAD and its partners to create a database, to set product composition against consumption. In all, the total polyphenol content of 162 vegetable and 71 fruit samples, along with 85 tea samples, was analysed. The results were used to compile a composition and consumption table, with values for 28 fruits and 24 vegetables (Journal of Nutrition, 2006, vol. 136, p. 2368-2373, co-author Pierre Brat).
The operation is continuing in the form of the Phénobase project, led by the CTCPA (Centre Technique de la Conservation des Produits Agricoles) in Avignon, in which CIRAD is also involved. The aim is to expand the database, this time looking at commonly consumed "processed" food products.
* Researcher with the CIRAD Qualisud Research Unit
Helen Burford | alfa
Climate change, population growth may lead to open ocean aquaculture
05.10.2017 | Oregon State University
New machine evaluates soybean at harvest for quality
04.10.2017 | University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences
University of Maryland researchers contribute to historic detection of gravitational waves and light created by event
On August 17, 2017, at 12:41:04 UTC, scientists made the first direct observation of a merger between two neutron stars--the dense, collapsed cores that remain...
Seven new papers describe the first-ever detection of light from a gravitational wave source. The event, caused by two neutron stars colliding and merging together, was dubbed GW170817 because it sent ripples through space-time that reached Earth on 2017 August 17. Around the world, hundreds of excited astronomers mobilized quickly and were able to observe the event using numerous telescopes, providing a wealth of new data.
Previous detections of gravitational waves have all involved the merger of two black holes, a feat that won the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics earlier this month....
Material defects in end products can quickly result in failures in many areas of industry, and have a massive impact on the safe use of their products. This is why, in the field of quality assurance, intelligent, nondestructive sensor systems play a key role. They allow testing components and parts in a rapid and cost-efficient manner without destroying the actual product or changing its surface. Experts from the Fraunhofer IZFP in Saarbrücken will be presenting two exhibits at the Blechexpo in Stuttgart from 7–10 November 2017 that allow fast, reliable, and automated characterization of materials and detection of defects (Hall 5, Booth 5306).
When quality testing uses time-consuming destructive test methods, it can result in enormous costs due to damaging or destroying the products. And given that...
Using a new cooling technique MPQ scientists succeed at observing collisions in a dense beam of cold and slow dipolar molecules.
How do chemical reactions proceed at extremely low temperatures? The answer requires the investigation of molecular samples that are cold, dense, and slow at...
Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, using high precision laser spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen, confirm the surprisingly small value of the proton radius determined from muonic hydrogen.
It was one of the breakthroughs of the year 2010: Laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen resulted in a value for the proton charge radius that was significantly...
17.10.2017 | Event News
10.10.2017 | Event News
10.10.2017 | Event News
20.10.2017 | Information Technology
20.10.2017 | Materials Sciences
20.10.2017 | Interdisciplinary Research