Pastoralism has now emerged as the main way of using natural resources sustainably in arid zones. However, it faces numerous obstacles linked to climatic variations, growing competition for access to resources, and the economic issues relating to production.
In relation to the desertification process in particular, farmers and politicians lack biophysical and socioeconomic information on the dynamics and viability of such production systems: mobility of people and animals, specific pastoral vulnerability criteria such as diversification of activities, social integration, water availability for cattle, market prices, etc. CIRAD, as part of its work within the International Research Unit on Pastoralism and with partners in the Sahel, is currently developing a system to fill in those gaps.
The first SIPSA model (information system for pastoralism in the Sahel) has been tested in Senegal. Unlike the systems that existed previously, it includes all the players involved, rather than a single institution. Moreover, the information it relays, such as the state of the water resource and market prices, can be used on a local and also an international scale. It is disseminated by means tailored to the users - written, maps, radio, farmer networks, etc - and at very low cost. The system also makes it possible, depending on user requirements, to disseminate information selectively. For instance, this could mean informing animal farmers of pasture availability, but only in the event of a bad year.
In 2006, the model is being adapted to other partner countries, thanks to national networks of concerned players, coordinated by Aghrymet. The tool, coupled with other information systems (cereals, food security), should help pastoral development players manage crises more efficiently in the short term, fight deseretification and contribute to sustainable development of pastoralism in the Sahel. The programme is due to run until 2009-2010.
Helen Burford | alfa
Forest Management Yields Higher Productivity through Biodiversity
14.10.2016 | Technische Universität München
Farming with forests
23.09.2016 | University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences (ACES)
Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.
"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...
In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...
By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.
"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...
COMPAMED has become the leading international marketplace for suppliers of medical manufacturing. The trade fair, which takes place every November and is co-located to MEDICA in Dusseldorf, has been steadily growing over the past years and shows that medical technology remains a rapidly growing market.
In 2016, the joint pavilion by the IVAM Microtechnology Network, the Product Market “High-tech for Medical Devices”, will be located in Hall 8a again and will...
'Ferroelectric' materials can switch between different states of electrical polarization in response to an external electric field. This flexibility means they show promise for many applications, for example in electronic devices and computer memory. Current ferroelectric materials are highly valued for their thermal and chemical stability and rapid electro-mechanical responses, but creating a material that is scalable down to the tiny sizes needed for technologies like silicon-based semiconductors (Si-based CMOS) has proven challenging.
Now, Hiroshi Funakubo and co-workers at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, in collaboration with researchers across Japan, have conducted experiments to...
14.10.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
12.10.2016 | Event News
21.10.2016 | Health and Medicine
21.10.2016 | Information Technology
21.10.2016 | Materials Sciences