Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Pain therapy for piglets

12.10.2010
Torunn Krangnes Fosse's doctoral thesis shows that piglets of different age groups have a unique ability to break down and excrete painkillers. She also demonstrates that the painkilling and anti-inflammatory effect of the medicines studied work to varying degrees on piglets. The results of her research will be important for the choice of medicine and dosage used in the treatment of pain in piglets.

Every year, 98 million male pigs are castrated in Europe and this surgery is usually carried out before the pigs are 14 days old. Castration is proven to be painful for these animals, not just during the course of the surgery itself, but also for several hours or days afterwards.

It is the treatment of this post-operative pain that Fosse has focused on in her thesis. In addition, piglets often experience pain in connection with conditions such as inflamed joints or traumatic injuries.

Fosse has studied the pharmacology of the two painkillers meloxicam and ketoprofen in piglets. She found that the piglets had a better ability to excrete ketoprofen when they were six days old than when they were three weeks old. This may mean that different dosages should be used, according to the age of the pigs being treated.

By means of an inflammatory model, Fosse showed that piglets treated with ketoprofen experienced significantly less pain when pressure was applied to the inflamed area than pigs receiving no treatment. The painkilling effect was evident for up to 24 hours after the treatment had been given. Meloxicam achieved only a low degree of painkilling effect in this model. Using another model, this medicine was also shown to have a low ability to prevent the production of inflammatory mediators in tissue.

The results of this doctorate can make a big difference to the choice of medicine and dosage to be used in the pain therapy of piglets up to a month old.

Veterinary surgeon Torunn Krangnes Fosse presented her doctoral thesis on 24th September 2010 at The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science. The thesis is entitled: ”Pharmacology of meloxicam and ketoprofen in piglets”.

Magnhild Jenssen | alfa
Further information:
http://www.nvh.no
http://www.nvh.no/Venstremeny/English/Kima/Pain-therapy-for-piglets/

More articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science:

nachricht Researchers discover a new link to fight billion-dollar threat to soybean production
14.02.2017 | University of Missouri-Columbia

nachricht Important to maintain a diversity of habitats in the sea
14.02.2017 | University of Gothenburg

All articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

Im Focus: DNA repair: a new letter in the cell alphabet

Results reveal how discoveries may be hidden in scientific “blind spots”

Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...

Im Focus: Dresdner scientists print tomorrow’s world

The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.

The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...

Im Focus: Mimicking nature's cellular architectures via 3-D printing

Research offers new level of control over the structure of 3-D printed materials

Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...

Im Focus: Three Magnetic States for Each Hole

Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. The results have been published in the journal "Scientific Reports".

Physicist Dr. Rantej Bali from the HZDR, together with scientists from Singapore and Australia, designed a special grid structure in a thin layer of cobalt in...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Booth and panel discussion – The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting

13.02.2017 | Event News

Complex Loading versus Hidden Reserves

10.02.2017 | Event News

International Conference on Crystal Growth in Freiburg

09.02.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

From rocks in Colorado, evidence of a 'chaotic solar system'

23.02.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

'Quartz' crystals at the Earth's core power its magnetic field

23.02.2017 | Earth Sciences

Antimicrobial substances identified in Komodo dragon blood

23.02.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>