ICAMS, the Interdisciplinary Centre for Advanced Materials Simulation, was officially opened today at the Ruhr University with an inauguration ceremony and podium discussion.
“For us as a steel producer in North Rhine-Westphalia, the opening of this institute is a groundbreaking event,” said Dr. Karl-Ulrich Köhler, Executive Board Chairman of ThyssenKrupp Steel AG and member of the Executive Board of ThyssenKrupp AG. ThyssenKrupp is the lead company in an industrial consortium (also including Bayer MaterialScience and Bayer Technology Services, Salzgitter Mannesmann Forschung and Bosch) which is providing half of the 24 million euro start-up financing for ICAMS. The other half is being provided by the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
ICAMS will use multi-scale computer simulation to develop new materials – an approach which combines the previously separate worlds of natural science and engineering science. “To become Germany’s number 1 state for innovation, we need outstanding research in forward-looking fields,” said North Rhine-Westphalia’s Innovation Minister Prof. Dr. Andreas Pinkwart. “ICAMS is a prime example of this.” The Rector of Ruhr University Bochum Prof. Dr. Elmar Weiler underlined the central importance of ICAMS for the future concept of the university and thanked all its supporters: “We are extremely grateful to our partners for their vision and courage to break new ground.”
No innovation without innovative materials
Innovative products would be virtually inconceivable without new materials and materials with tailored properties. For example: to develop cars which are fuel-efficient and safe, the automotive industry needs high-strength steels for lighter designs. One problem with describing real materials is the high spatial and chemical complexity of these structures on widely varying length, time and energy scales. There is still a tendency to regard components mainly as homogeneous units. But to find out what happens inside the material under mechanical loads, the microstructure has to be taken into account, made up of individual atoms, crystallites and their interfaces and defects. Simulations make it possible to develop new materials and to realistically predict and better understand the properties of new metallic alloys, ceramics, glasses or plastics.
Uniting separate worlds
Whereas in the past work in the atomic range (typically 0.1 to 10 nanometers) tended to fall into the realm of the natural sciences, and engineering scientists were more interested in macroscopic properties (from 0.1 mm upwards), both groups will work together in ICAMS on a multi-scale basis. Key areas of work at ICAMS will focus on: 1. the properties of interfaces and layer adhesion, 2. processes taking place inside the material during heavy forming operations, such as during the stamping or rolling of metal, and 3. the influence of alloying elements on the properties of steel. The three endowed professors at ICAMS – Prof. Dr. Ralf Drautz, Prof. Dr. Alexander Hartmaier, Prof. Dr. Ingo Steinbach – and their teams will also collaborate with experimental facilities of other chairs at the Ruhr University Bochum and with researchers from the chemistry, mathematics, mechanical engineering and physics faculties. In addition to research, ICAMS will also enhance the teaching of material sciences. “The fact that today the multi-scale modeling of materials still means tearing down barriers between traditional disciplines also means that there are not yet any engineers who have been taught to derive and understand properties of materials from their atomic structures,” said ICAMS founding director. Dr. Ralf Drautz. “We’ll be creating a new masters degree course to educate a new generation of material engineers who will grow up in a multi-scale world rather than restricting their focus to just one discipline.”
Central element of RUB future concept
As part of one of two “research clusters”, the materials research center is a central element of the future concept of Ruhr University Bochum, which has already been praised by international experts in the university’s application for funding under the government’s “Initiative for Excellence” program and is now being implemented with funds from the Mercator Foundation and the state of NRW among others. “At RUB, ICAMS stands for the pursuit of two major strategic lines under our future concept: on the one hand the clear focus on key areas in research, and on the other cooperation with external partners,” said Rector Weiler. ICAMS works together with partners from the area of research (Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, RWTH Aachen and Forschungszentrum Jülich) and is funded by an industrial consortium (ThyssenKrupp, Bayer MaterialScience, Bayer Technology Services, Salzgitter Mannesmann, Bosch).
Research center of international caliber in NRW
ICAMS has been designed as a competitive research center of international caliber for materials modeling. “At ThyssenKrupp Steel, we are firmly convinced that advanced materials simulation is a key technology for materials development,” said Dr. Köhler, CEO of ThyssenKrupp Steel AG. “ICAMS will strengthen the innovativeness of our companies and enhance the importance of North Rhine-Westphalia as a center for materials. The work performed at ICAMS will have an impact that goes well beyond pure materials development. New materials drive innovative developments in other key areas such as the automotive, environmental, energy and manufacturing sectors.” And Prof. Martin Stratmann, Managing Director of MPI-Eisenforschung, underlines this: “ICAMS will take us closer to designed materials – the dream of many materials engineers to create modern materials ‘on the drawing board’. ICAMS will allow us to overcome entrenched ways of thinking in university teaching and stands for cooperation between universities, research institutions and business in the pursuit of excellence.”
Prof. Dr. Ralf Drautz | alfa
Researchers printed graphene-like materials with inkjet
18.08.2017 | Aalto University
Superconductivity research reveals potential new state of matter
17.08.2017 | DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory
Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...
Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...
For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.
While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...
An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...
A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
16.08.2017 | Event News
04.08.2017 | Event News
26.07.2017 | Event News
21.08.2017 | Life Sciences
21.08.2017 | Information Technology
18.08.2017 | Life Sciences