*Note: This news was first mentioned in the June 2011 issue of Nanotech Japan Update*
Institute for Solid State Physics, the University of Tokyo and RIKEN (Institute of Physical and Chemical Research) announced, on May 23, 2011, that researchers from both institutes succeeded in the magnetic control of anomalous Hall effect (AHE) induced by spin chirality. Details were published in Physical Review Letters.
Since spin chirality (solid angle formed by spin) is accompanied with a strong virtual magnetic field, AHE is observed without applying field. Such large Hall voltages under weak magnetic fields may lead to a promising nonvolatile memory with reduced power dissipation because of the absence of hysteresis loss.
In the present work, AHE of the chiral spin states of Pr2Ir2O7 was found to appear below 1.5 K at a zero magnetic field with hysteresis most pronounced for fields cycled along the  direction. A large positive magnetoresisitance was also observed only for fields along the  direction. These observa-tions suggest the reconstruction of the electronic structure of the conduction electrons by the field-induced spin texture.
The present results, the authors of the paper expect, may provide a mean to control magnetically the AHE induced by spin chirality, which might be a step toward nonvolatile memory based on the AHE.
L. Balicas, S. Nakatsuji, Y. Machida, and S. Onoda, "Anisotropic Hysteretic Hall Effect and Magnetic Control of Chiral Domains in the Chiral Spin States of Pr2Ir2O7", Physical Review Letters, Vol. 106, No. 21, p. 217204 (2011) [4 pages] Published May 26, 2010
Mikiko Tanifuji | Research asia research news
Decoding cement's shape promises greener concrete
08.12.2016 | Rice University
Scientists track chemical and structural evolution of catalytic nanoparticles in 3-D
08.12.2016 | DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
08.12.2016 | Life Sciences
08.12.2016 | Physics and Astronomy
08.12.2016 | Materials Sciences