Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Automated joining of complex glass parts


Up to now, automated manufacturing of complex glass parts is limited.

Scientists of the Glass Group at the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) have therefore developed a process for the laser-based joining of borosilicate and quartz glass. In order to achieve a constant quality of the parts, the surface temperature is controlled without contact during the process, and thus, the glass viscosity for joining is reduced in a pre-defined way.

Laser-based joining of glass parts using powder filler material.

Photo: LZH

Quartz glass: L angle after the welding process.

Photo: LZH

Powder filler material is used for bridging the gap. The results of the project show that the new process setup is very well suited for automated manufacturing. The research work was supported by the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology.

Complex glass parts are, in most cases, manufactured manually by a glass apparatus maker using a gas flame. Since the process cannot be entirely controlled, the quality fluctuates. In order to be able to automate the production of complex parts, e.g. for chemical apparatus engineering, LZH scientists have developed a laser-based process for joining glass parts made of borosilicate and quartz glass.

The special feature of the process is an integrated temperature control that regulates the viscosity of the parts in a pre-defined way during the welding process: Here, a CO2 laser beam source provides the required amount of heat energy. The temperature is measured without contact using a pyrometer.

In order bridge gaps at, for example, L angle geometries, glass powder is added as filler material during the joining process. In doing so, the glass powder is melted and forms a homogeneous welding seam with a constant bead height. The new process setup enables automated joining of glass in various welding configurations, such as butt joints, fillet joints and L angles.

The „Research Association Technique and Glass“ (FTG e.V.) submitted the application for the research project titled “laser-based joining of glass parts using powder filler material” (powder joining). The commitment and know-how of the FTG members significantly contributed to the success of the project.

The IGF project no. 17029 N „laser-based joining of glass parts using powder filler material“ of the „Research Association Tech-nique and Glass“ (FTG e.V., Bronnbach 28, 97877 Wertheim, Germany) was supported by the German Federation of Industrial Research Associations (AiF e.V.) within the scope of the Industrial Collective Research Programme (IGF) of the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology on the basis of a decision by the German Bundestag.

The complete project report is available upon request to

Lena Bennefeld | Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V.
Further information:

Further reports about: CO2 Economics IGF LZH Laser borosilicate glass powder powder filler material quartz glass temperature

More articles from Materials Sciences:

nachricht How nanoscience will improve our health and lives in the coming years
27.10.2016 | University of California - Los Angeles

nachricht 3-D-printed structures shrink when heated
26.10.2016 | Massachusetts Institute of Technology

All articles from Materials Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Etching Microstructures with Lasers

Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.

This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...

Im Focus: Light-driven atomic rotations excite magnetic waves

Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion

Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

How nanoscience will improve our health and lives in the coming years

27.10.2016 | Materials Sciences

OU-led team discovers rare, newborn tri-star system using ALMA

27.10.2016 | Physics and Astronomy

'Neighbor maps' reveal the genome's 3-D shape

27.10.2016 | Life Sciences

More VideoLinks >>>