The COST Action contributed jointly with the EUREKA ENIWEP (European Network for Industrial Wear Prevention) Umbrella also dealing with friction control and industrial wear prevention.
200 participants from 35 countries attended the conference where 109 scientific papers were presented. 41 of those papers will appear in special issues of the highly ranked refereed tribology journals “Wear, Tribology International” and “Tribotest”.
COST Action 532 focused European research work on solving friction, wear and lubrication related problems in engines and transmissions. Researchers from 58 institutes from 30 countries used a total of 260 research man years to find new solutions to future industrial challenges.
A scientific breakthrough was the clarification of the basic mechanisms related to carbon-based low friction coatings. The one micrometer thick vacuum deposited diamond-like carbon surfaces can, in dry conditions, reduce the friction with up to two orders of magnitude. Now their interaction with lubricants and additives has been explained and new coating-additive chemical compositions developed.
Much work was focused on improving the understanding of environmentally adaptable fluids in engines and transmissions. New techniques for emission reduction in engines through the use of biogas, advanced lubricants, coatings and light weight materials were developed. A detailed theoretical and experimental study on a new piston-ring design whereby the hydrodynamic microlubrication was generated by a textured topography containing microdimples resulted in a 4 % fuel consumption reduction in engine tests.
Transmission systems were redesigned to improve the frictional conditions resulting in a power loss reduction of up to 74 %. The results are of benefit to the new industrial products and improvements in production methods in the 103 companies directly involved in the research work. The 42 projects carried out have already, at the end of the 5-year Action, resulted in 32 industrial improvements in commercial use.
The Chair of the Domain Committee Materials, Physical and Nanosciences, Axel Kranzmann and Science Officer Piotr Swiatek took part in that final event.
Piotr Swiatek | alfa
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Researchers from TU Graz and their industry partners have unveiled a world first: the prototype of a robot-controlled, high-speed combined charging system (CCS) for electric vehicles that enables series charging of cars in various parking positions.
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Proteins must be folded correctly to fulfill their molecular functions in cells. Molecular assistants called chaperones help proteins exploit their inbuilt folding potential and reach the correct three-dimensional structure. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry (MPIB) have demonstrated that actin, the most abundant protein in higher developed cells, does not have the inbuilt potential to fold and instead requires special assistance to fold into its active state. The chaperone TRiC uses a previously undescribed mechanism to perform actin folding. The study was recently published in the journal Cell.
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