Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Simple questions identify increased risk of hip fracture

02.05.2007
Every fourth woman will suffer from hip fracture at some point in their life, many of which could be prevented. Four simple questions can help personnel in the primary health care service identify women at increased risk. This is shown by a doctoral thesis presented at the Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University in Sweden.

Nearly 18,000 Swedes undergo surgery for a fractured hip each year. Nearly all of these are elderly women.

"A fractured hip is a disability, it causes pain, it increases the patient's need of help, and it causes increased costs for society. It is important to identify women at a higher risk of fracture, such that we can take preventative measures", says district physician Daniel Albertsson.

The study has been carried out at the research and development centre, FoU-centrum, that is part of the county administration in Kronoberg County. It included 1,248 women older than 70 years who answered questions about their risk of fracturing a hip. The women were followed up for two years, and those who suffered hip fracture were identified.

The results show that four simple questions can be used to assess the fracture risk. These questions concern advanced age, low weight, previous fractures, and a difficulty in rising from seated.

"We could see that over 80% of the women who fracture a hip have at least two of these risk factors. Thus, just a few simple questions could help the personnel at the local health centre identify women who were at a high risk, before the fracture occurs", says Daniel Albertsson.

The thesis also shows that women at risk can increase their mobility by simple exercise at home or in a group. Risk features in the women's homes were removed. Women with a previous fracture and low bone density (measured at the heel) were given supplements of vitamin D and calcium, and this appeared to improve their mobility.

"The number of falls decreased and the mobility increased in the experimental group among women at a high risk of hip fracture. There were only two hip fractures in this group, while there were 11 in the control region, which was twice as large," says Daniel Albertsson.

Contact for more information:
Daniel Albertsson, district physician, telephone: +46 470 586262, +46 70 546 6059, e-mail: daniel.albertsson@ltkronoberg.se

Eva Pettersson-Lindberg, Head of Department, FoU-centrum Landstinget Kronoberg, telephone: +46 470 586395, +46 70 984 4452

Elin Lindström | idw
Further information:
http://www.vr.se

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Unique brain 'fingerprint' can predict drug effectiveness
11.07.2018 | McGill University

nachricht Direct conversion of non-neuronal cells into nerve cells
03.07.2018 | Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: First evidence on the source of extragalactic particles

For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.

To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...

Im Focus: Magnetic vortices: Two independent magnetic skyrmion phases discovered in a single material

For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.

Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...

Im Focus: Breaking the bond: To take part or not?

Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.

A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...

Im Focus: New 2D Spectroscopy Methods

Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.

"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....

Im Focus: Chemical reactions in the light of ultrashort X-ray pulses from free-electron lasers

Ultra-short, high-intensity X-ray flashes open the door to the foundations of chemical reactions. Free-electron lasers generate these kinds of pulses, but there is a catch: the pulses vary in duration and energy. An international research team has now presented a solution: Using a ring of 16 detectors and a circularly polarized laser beam, they can determine both factors with attosecond accuracy.

Free-electron lasers (FELs) generate extremely short and intense X-ray flashes. Researchers can use these flashes to resolve structures with diameters on the...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Leading experts in Diabetes, Metabolism and Biomedical Engineering discuss Precision Medicine

13.07.2018 | Event News

Conference on Laser Polishing – LaP: Fine Tuning for Surfaces

12.07.2018 | Event News

11th European Wood-based Panel Symposium 2018: Meeting point for the wood-based materials industry

03.07.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Leading experts in Diabetes, Metabolism and Biomedical Engineering discuss Precision Medicine

13.07.2018 | Event News

Research finds new molecular structures in boron-based nanoclusters

13.07.2018 | Materials Sciences

Algae Have Land Genes

13.07.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>