Russian geneticist B.A. Malyarchuk, Institute of Biological Problems of the North, Far-Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, in Magadan, and Polish researcher J.Czarny have ascertained that African women’s contribution into the European genotype is much lower than it could have been expected, taking into consideration the lengthy history of contacts between representatives of different human races. The conclusion was made by the researchers after they had analyzed more than 17 thousand mitochondrial DNA samples from various populations of Europe and their evolutionary relationships.
The mitochondrial DNA sequences of various nations have their own peculiarities. Thus, there exist several mitochondrial DNA variants, which were formed in Africa. As mitochondria are passed on from generation to generation only maternally, their DNA analysis can tell us only about women of the kin.
About 1 percent of Eurasian population possesses mitochondrial DNA, identical or similar to the DNA of African descent. In the south of Europe, African lines of mitochondrial DNA are most frequently found with the Portuguese (5.8 percent), Sicilians and Tuscan, Albanians, Spaniards and Bosnians. Inhabitants of this region, the Pyrenean peninsula in particular, have experienced profound effect from the population of North Africa during their entire history, therefore, the researchers expected to discover in the European Mediterranean ancient and branchy “ family trees” originating from African progenitresses. However, they found nothing of the kind.
Sergey Komarov | alfa
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