Marble is, undoubtedly, the ornamental stone par excellence. All through history, numerous civilizations have architectural or sculptural works which constitute the most important pieces of their historic heritage. Despite this, nowadays we have a very limited understanding about the intrinsic features which affect marble durability/changeability.
This fact is paradoxical in countries such as Spain, with a rich historic heritage in marble and one of the most important producing and exporting countries at a worldwide scale of this type of ornamental stone.
Researchers of the University of Granada, led by Prof Eduardo Sebastián Pardo, and of the University of Gotinguen (Germany), led by Prof Siegfried Siegesmund, collaborate in a project to explain the causes for marble physical decay and design new identification and conservation methods.
The study, says Prof Sebastián, permits to “dictate recommendations referred to the specific use of ornamental marble, when they are used in buildings’ external coatings and other constructive functions”. Selection criteria are based on stone intrinsic features. Therefore, the analysis deals with an exhaustive characterization of materials, their petrography and their physical properties.Studied marbles
The studies have been carried out on different commercial marbles in Spain and Germany, as well as in those marbles historically used for certain constructive and ornamental functions. In the case of Spain, they have analysed the most commercialized varieties of marble in Andalusia, as well as those historically used in emblematic constructions of the Andalusian Architectural Heritage. “Marbles selection has been carried according to their micro-structural and textural features, especially their size and degree preferred crystallographic orientation, mineralogical composition and level of crystallographic and/or physical-mechanical anisotropy. Specifically, marbles from Macael, Almería; Huelva (Blanco Agua, Blanco Aroche and Almaden de la Plata marbles); Blanco Ibérico marble from Alhama de Granada and from Mijas de Málaga”.
This research group has been working on durability assessment of ornamental stones through accelerated ageing tests since the nineties (http://www.ugr.es/~monument).
Reference: European Union – Integrated Action “Anisotropy of marbles: A key in the understanding of marble decay”, led by Professors S. Siegesmund (Department of Structural Geology and Geodynamics, Geosciences Centre of the University of Gottingen) and E. Sebastián Pardo (University of Granada, Department of Mineralogy and Petrology).
Prof Eduardo Sebastián Pardo. Department of Mineralogy and Petrology. University of Granada. Phone number (34) 958 243 340 E-mail. firstname.lastname@example.org
Antonio Marín Ruiz | alfa
Upcycling of PET Bottles: New Ideas for Resource Cycles in Germany
25.06.2018 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Betriebsfestigkeit und Systemzuverlässigkeit LBF
Dry landscapes can increase disease transmission
20.06.2018 | Forschungsverbund Berlin e.V.
A new manufacturing technique uses a process similar to newspaper printing to form smoother and more flexible metals for making ultrafast electronic devices.
The low-cost process, developed by Purdue University researchers, combines tools already used in industry for manufacturing metals on a large scale, but uses...
For the first time ever, scientists have determined the cosmic origin of highest-energy neutrinos. A research group led by IceCube scientist Elisa Resconi, spokesperson of the Collaborative Research Center SFB1258 at the Technical University of Munich (TUM), provides an important piece of evidence that the particles detected by the IceCube neutrino telescope at the South Pole originate from a galaxy four billion light-years away from Earth.
To rule out other origins with certainty, the team led by neutrino physicist Elisa Resconi from the Technical University of Munich and multi-wavelength...
For the first time a team of researchers have discovered two different phases of magnetic skyrmions in a single material. Physicists of the Technical Universities of Munich and Dresden and the University of Cologne can now better study and understand the properties of these magnetic structures, which are important for both basic research and applications.
Whirlpools are an everyday experience in a bath tub: When the water is drained a circular vortex is formed. Typically, such whirls are rather stable. Similar...
Physicists working with Roland Wester at the University of Innsbruck have investigated if and how chemical reactions can be influenced by targeted vibrational excitation of the reactants. They were able to demonstrate that excitation with a laser beam does not affect the efficiency of a chemical exchange reaction and that the excited molecular group acts only as a spectator in the reaction.
A frequently used reaction in organic chemistry is nucleophilic substitution. It plays, for example, an important role in in the synthesis of new chemical...
Optical spectroscopy allows investigating the energy structure and dynamic properties of complex quantum systems. Researchers from the University of Würzburg present two new approaches of coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy.
"Put an excitation into the system and observe how it evolves." According to physicist Professor Tobias Brixner, this is the credo of optical spectroscopy....
13.07.2018 | Event News
12.07.2018 | Event News
03.07.2018 | Event News
20.07.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering
20.07.2018 | Information Technology
20.07.2018 | Materials Sciences