The research carried out since 1994 through 2003 analyzed dynamics of youth’s value orientation under the influence of drastic transformations of the Russian society. As the most active personal self-determination occurs at the senior school age and continues during the student period, the research involved the Moscow schoolchildren from the 10-11 grades and students of the Moscow institutes. The time of survey was chosen in such a way that it would take place during relatively calm social and economic periods (no less than a year after an acute economic crisis). For the first time the value orientation status was assessed in autumn 1994, after the 1992-1993 acute social-economic crisis, then – during a relatively stable autumn 1997, then – in a year after the 1998 economic default – in autumn 1999. The fourth and the fifth stages of the investigation were accomplished in spring 2001 and in autumn 2003 – in economic stabilization conditions.
If we compare senior pupils of 2003 with their coevals of the mid 1990s (1994 and 1997) it becomes evident that importance of social responsibility values has grown up for them: the family has moved from the 5th to the 4th place, responsibility – from the 11th to the 3rd place, and business activity values: job (from the 10th to the 5th place), material well-being (from the 8th to the 6th place), efficiency in business (from the 12th to the 8th place), enterprising (from the 13th to the 9th place) and rationalism (from the 18th to the 15th place). It is interesting to note that value orientation changed non-uniformly during the investigated period. Thus, if importance of job, enterprising and responsibility was increasing from stage to stage??, the value of the family, for example, demonstrated stable growth through 1999, but in 2003 it somewhat decreased - from the 2nd to the 4th place, and beauty – shifted from the 15th to the 8th place in 2001, but in 2003 it returned to the 12th place.
Thus, it is significant that the emphasis shifted from orientation on creative self-actualization and ethic values towards business activity and pragmatism. In terms of the value system, students turned out to be more united then schoolchildren, apparently the students have a better formed the value system.
In 1994 through 2001, importance of scholarship (the 1st place), values of social and psychological comfort were taking on special significance: love (the 2nd place), self-reliance (shifted from the 9th to the 5th -7th place), pragmatic values: efficiency in business (shifted from the 13th to the 5th place), enterprising (shifted from the 11th to the 2nd place) and economic values: wealth (shifted from the 14th to the 10th place) and property (shifted from the 18th to the 12th place). But in 2003, as compared to 2001, significance of some values, which previously grew up steadily, decreased unexpectedly: the “enterprising” rank fell down to the 1997 level, and “self-reliance” – down to the 1994 level.
On the other hand, the values, importance of which was steadily decreasing since 1994 through 2001, strengthened: honesty (shifted from the 3rd to the 11th place), good breeding (shifted from the 6th to the 18th place), tolerance (shifted from the 5th to the 7th place), delicacy (shifted from the 17th to the 19th place) and breadth of views (shifted from the 9th to the 13th place). In 2003, these values turned out to occupy the following positions: honesty – the 4th place, good breeding and breadth of views - the 13th place, self-control –the 5th place, tolerance –the 6th place, and delicacy - the 17th place.
Thus, regardless the general trend for transvaluation of values to shift towards business activity and pragmatic approach, recent years experienced some return to the position of the early 90s of the last century, that is towards more distinct person’s ethic values orientation.
Sergey Komarov | alfa
Geographers provide new insight into commuter megaregions of the US
01.12.2016 | Dartmouth College
Sustainable Development Goals lead to lower population growth
30.11.2016 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
06.12.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering
06.12.2016 | Earth Sciences
06.12.2016 | Physics and Astronomy